Monday, December 14, 2009

child abuse -- keywords and MeSH

This search statement was designed to retrieve records concerning child sexual abuse and those records corresponding to articles that cover child abuse in general but include information about child sexual abuse. Additional terms would be needed to recover all articles about non-sexual child abuse (e.g. "shaken baby", etc.) . One could make the search statement more specific but less comprehensive by requiring that "adversity" and the various trauma keywords appear in phrases including a term for childhood.

(((child OR child's OR children OR children's OR stepchild OR stepchildren OR step-child OR step-children OR kid OR kids OR girl OR girls OR boy OR boys OR teenage* OR youth* OR youngster* OR adolescent* OR adolescence OR preschool* OR pre-school* OR kindergarten* OR "elementary school" OR "junior high" OR "middle school" OR "high school" OR high-schooler* OR elementary-school OR junior-high OR middle-school OR high-school OR juvenile* OR minors[tiab] OR childhood OR pediatric* OR pediatrician* OR paediatric* OR paediatrician*) AND (assault* OR abus* OR maltreatment* OR molest* OR rape OR raped OR rapes OR raping OR Sodom* OR trauma[tiab] OR traumas[tiab] OR traumatic[tiab] OR violen* OR crime OR criminal OR victim* OR pedophil* OR paedophil* OR incest* OR "adverse life event" OR "adverse life events" OR adversity OR "adverse experiences" OR "adverse experience")) OR ("Child Abuse"[Mesh] OR "Adult Survivors of Child Abuse"[Mesh]))

HPA axis -- keywords and MeSH

(HPA OR "Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal" OR "Pituitary-Adrenal" OR Adrenal[tiab] OR Pituitary OR hypophys* OR Hypothalam* OR Hydrocortisone OR Pituitary OR corticotrophin OR corticotrop* OR adrenocorticotro* OR ACTH OR CRH OR CRF OR "corticotropin-releasing" OR "corticotrophin-releasing" OR ((meta-chlorophenylpiperazine OR m-CPP OR dexamethasone) AND (challenge OR test[tiab] OR tests[tiab] OR stimulation)) OR "dexamethasone suppression" OR cortisol OR hydrocortisone OR glucocorticoid* OR "cortical hormone" OR "cortical hormones" OR "Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System"[mesh] OR "Pituitary-Adrenal System"[mesh] OR "Adrenal Glands"[mesh] OR "Pituitary Gland"[mesh] OR "Hypothalamus"[mesh] OR "Hypothalamic Diseases"[mesh] OR "Pituitary diseases"[mesh] OR "Adrenal Cortex Hormones"[mesh] OR "Hydrocortisone"[mesh] OR "Hypothalamic Hormones"[mesh] OR "Pituitary Hormones"[mesh] OR "Receptors, Corticotropin"[Mesh] OR "Receptors, Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone"[Mesh] OR "Receptors, Glucocorticoid"[Mesh] OR "Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone"[mesh] OR "Dexamethasone"[Mesh] OR "1-(3-chlorophenyl)piperazine "[Substance Name])

Wednesday, November 11, 2009

Tobacco, alcoholic beverage, illegal drug use -- keywords

(Tobacco* OR Smoking OR smoke OR smokes OR smoked OR Cigarette* OR cigar OR cigars OR snuff OR "substance abuse" OR "substance use" OR addict OR addicts OR addicted OR addicting OR addictive OR ethanol OR Alcohol OR alcohol-related OR alcoholic* OR alcoholism OR alcopop* OR beer OR wine OR beers OR liquor* OR bourbon* OR vodka* OR whiskey OR whiskies OR gin OR gins OR drunk OR drunks OR “binge drinking” OR “drinking binge” OR “drinking binges” OR blackout OR “Inhalant abuse” OR ((volatile OR aromatic) AND (inhal* OR abus*)) OR Huff OR huffing OR snorting OR snort OR snorted OR snorts OR free-base OR free-based OR free-basing OR “drug dealer” OR “drug dealers” OR pusher OR pushers OR Crack OR Cannabis OR marijuana OR reefer OR Hash OR Hashish OR “magic mushroom” OR “magic mushrooms” OR PCP OR phencyclidine OR “designer drug” OR “designer drugs” OR Meth OR Methamphetamine OR uppers OR “Angel dust” OR Ecstasy OR mdma OR Opium OR hookah OR “water pipe” OR “water pipes” OR “drug paraphernalia” OR Hallucinogen* OR lsd OR “lysergic acid” OR downer OR downers OR “street drug” OR “street drugs” OR ((Cocaine OR amphetamine* OR Opiate* OR Narcotic* OR codeine OR hydrocodone OR vicodin OR hydromorphone OR dilaudid OR oxycontin* OR oxycodone OR percocet OR Demerol OR meperidine OR methadone OR tramadol OR fentanyl OR morphine OR barbiturate* OR amobarb* OR secobarb* OR pentobarb* OR tranquilizer* OR “sleeping pill” OR “sleeping pills” OR benzodiazepine* OR Alprazolam OR Anthramycin OR Bromazepam OR Clonazepam OR Devazepide OR Diazepam OR valium OR Flumazenil OR Flunitrazepam OR Flurazepam OR Lorazepam OR Nitrazepam OR Oxazepam OR Pirenzepine OR Prazepam OR Temazepam OR Chlordiazepoxide OR Clorazepate OR Estazolam OR Medazepam OR Midazolam OR Triazolam ) AND (pusher* OR dealer* OR illegal OR stolen OR steal OR steals OR stealing OR stole OR habit OR habitual OR habit-forming OR abuse OR arrest* OR detention* OR prison* OR jail* OR recreational OR nonmedical OR non-medical OR covert OR hide OR hiding OR hidden OR hides OR hid OR withdrawal OR confiscate* OR stash )) )

Tuesday, November 10, 2009

central lines - keywords

(“central line” OR CVC OR "central venous line" OR "central venous access catheter" OR “jugular line” OR “subclavian line” OR “femoral line” OR PICC OR “central catheter” OR “central venous catheter” OR “central lines” OR CVCs OR "central venous lines" OR "central venous access catheters" OR “jugular lines” OR “subclavian lines” OR “femoral lines” OR PICCs OR “central catheters” OR “central venous catheters” OR “central venous access” OR “peripheral intravenous central catheters” OR “peripherally inserted Central Catheter” OR “peripheral intravenous central catheter” OR “peripherally inserted Central Catheters” OR “implantable access ports” OR IAPs OR “implantable access port” OR IAP OR “umbilical artery catheters” OR UACs OR “umbilical vein catheters” OR UVCs OR “central venous access devices” OR CVADs OR “central intravenous line” OR “central IV line” OR “umbilical artery catheter” OR UAC OR “umbilical vein catheter” OR UVC OR “central venous access device” OR CVAD OR “central intravenous lines” OR “central IV lines” OR hickman[tiab] OR groshong[tiab] OR port-a-cath OR mediport OR “implantable port” OR “implanted port” OR “implantable ports” OR “implanted ports” OR “swan-ganz” OR “swan ganz” OR ((“central venous pressure” OR “central venous pressures” OR cvp OR cvps OR “central access” ) AND (line OR lines OR catheter OR catheters)))

Friday, November 6, 2009

Eating, diet, nutrition, food, beverages -- keywords

For some searches, chewing/mastication, and swallowing terms will also be needed.

(food OR foods OR eat OR eats OR eating OR ate OR consumption[tiab] OR consume OR consumes OR consumed OR consuming OR diet OR diets OR dietary OR dieting OR dieted OR dietician* OR dietetic* OR nutrition OR nutritional OR nutrient* OR nutritious OR nutritionist* OR meal OR meals OR breakfast* OR dinner* OR lunch* OR snack* OR supper* OR feast* OR binge* OR dish OR dishes OR portion OR portions OR serving* OR plate[tiab] OR plates[tiab] OR bowl OR bowls OR fibre* OR fiber OR fibers OR carbohydrate* OR fat OR fats OR fattening OR vegetable* OR beet* OR squash* OR onion* OR leek* OR scallion* OR lettuce* OR arugula* OR parsley OR avocado* OR asparagus OR sprouts OR veggie* OR cucumber* OR celer* OR carrot* OR bean OR beans OR pea OR peas OR artichoke* OR cabbage* OR radish* OR eggplant* OR okra OR rutabaga* OR greens OR jalapeno* OR chile[tiab] OR chiles OR salad* OR fruit* OR tomato* OR rhubarb OR apple* OR orange* OR lemon* OR grapefruit* OR peach* OR plum*[tiab] OR kumquat* OR strawberr* OR berry OR berries OR raspberr* OR blueberr* OR blackberr* OR mulberr* OR apricot* OR quince* OR currant* OR raisin* OR grape* OR citrus OR pear* OR cranberr* OR lime OR Limes OR banana* OR papaya* OR mango* OR breadfruit* OR kumquat* OR pineapple* OR cherry OR cherries OR melon OR melons OR cantaloupe* OR watermelon* OR honeydew* OR elderberr* OR meat OR meats OR poultry OR beef OR pork OR chicken OR turkey[tiab] OR foul OR pheasant OR venison OR rabbit OR buffalo OR ostrich OR burger* OR steak* OR filet* OR fish OR trout OR cod OR whitefish OR tuna OR swordfish OR bass OR salmon OR veal OR lamb OR mutton OR goat OR giblet* OR sweetbread* OR sausage* OR hamburger* OR ham OR hams OR schnitzel* OR hotdog* OR wiener*[tiab] OR casserole* OR dairy OR milk[tiab] OR cheese OR sundae OR cream OR creamed OR creamy OR creams OR sherbet* OR milkshake* OR malt[tiab] OR malts OR malted[tiab] OR butter OR butters OR buttery OR buttered OR buttering OR margarine* OR egg[tiab] OR eggs[tiab] OR mayonnaise* OR yogurt* OR grain OR wholegrain OR whole-grain OR whole-wheat OR rye OR corn OR rice OR wheat OR potato* OR flour OR floured OR flours OR lentil* OR soybean* OR cornmeal* OR cereal* OR sandwich* OR bread* OR pastry OR pastries OR cake OR cakes OR dessert* OR cookie* OR biscuit* OR pancake* OR chip[tiab] OR chips[tiab] OR muffin* OR cupcake* OR trifle* OR torte* OR turnover* OR stuffing* OR cornbread* OR pasta* OR spaghetti* OR noodle* OR cracker* OR cruller* OR doughnut* OR pudding* OR parfait* OR jello* OR gelatin* OR sauce OR sauces OR topping* OR garnish* OR chocolate* OR sugar* OR candy OR candies OR candied OR sweets OR lollipop* OR sweeties OR sucker* OR syrup* OR honey OR honeys OR honeyed OR popcorn OR nut OR nuts OR almond* OR walnut* OR pecan* OR cashew* OR hazelnut* OR peanut* OR seed OR seeds OR enriched OR fortified OR vitamin* OR folate OR folic OR tetrahydrofolate OR tetrahydrofolic OR caroten*[tiab] OR pantothenic OR pantothenate OR tocopherol* OR mineral OR minerals OR zinc OR copper OR selenium OR calcium OR aluminum OR soda OR beverage OR pop OR broth* OR gatorade* OR drink OR drinks OR beer OR beers OR lager* OR wine OR wines OR champaigne OR whiskey OR whiskies OR bourbon* OR port OR ports OR cider* OR juice* OR lemonade* OR coffee* OR tea OR teas OR limeade OR cocktail* OR rootbeer* OR cola OR colas OR soup OR soups OR water OR mint OR spearmint OR wintergreen OR sage* OR thyme* OR basil* OR cilantro* OR fried[tiab] OR fries OR frying OR fry OR roast OR roasts OR roasting OR roasted OR grill OR grilled OR grills OR grilling OR saute OR sauteed OR sauteing OR sautes OR broil OR broiled OR broils OR broiling OR boil[tiab] OR boils[tiab] OR boiling[tiab] OR boiled[tiab] OR bake OR bakes OR baked OR baking OR poach OR poached OR poaches OR poaching OR flambe OR overcook* OR cook OR cooks OR cooking OR cooked OR toast OR toasted OR toaster* OR toasting OR canned OR canning OR potted OR stew OR stews OR stewed OR stewing OR slow-cooked OR slow-cooking OR slow-cooker* OR barbecu* OR puree* OR chef OR chefs OR baker* OR butcher* OR taste OR tastes OR tasted OR tasting OR sour OR sweet OR bitter OR wok* OR pan[tiab] OR pans OR saucepan* OR popper* OR microwave* OR oven* OR broiler* OR cooker* OR vanilla* OR cinammon* OR ginger* OR chive* OR oregano* OR rosemary OR "lemon grass" OR nutmeg* OR curry OR curried OR curries OR "bay leaf" OR "bay leaves" OR pepper OR peppers OR peppered OR salt[tiab] OR salts OR salted OR salting OR spice OR spices OR spicy OR spicing OR spiced OR clove OR cloves OR mustard* OR ketchup* OR dill* OR allspice* OR calorie OR calories OR kilocalorie* OR “glycemic load” )

Wednesday, November 4, 2009

dark skin tones- keywords

"skin color" OR "color of skin" OR "skin of color" OR "skin pigmentation" OR dark skin* OR "colored skin" OR "ethnic skin" OR "ethnic groups" OR "hispanic americans" OR "african americans" OR blacks OR hispanic* OR latin* OR "arab" OR "skin tone" OR "skin type" OR black skin* OR brown skin* OR olive skin*

This search came about because I'm trying to find articles on dark skin (mainly types 5-6 on the Fitzpatrick scale) presentations of certain dermatological diseases (zoster, vasculitis, etc). Comments with further suggestions are welcome!

Monday, October 26, 2009

COPD keywords

chronic airflow obstruction* OR chronic airway obstruction* OR chronic bronchitis OR chronic lung disease OR chronic obstructive airway disease OR chronic obstructive bronchitis OR chronic obstructive bronchopulmonary disease OR chronic obstructive lung OR chronic obstructive pulmonary OR chronic obstructive respiratory OR chronic respiratory disease OR coad OR copd OR pulmonary emphysema OR obstructive lung disease OR obstructive respiratory disease OR obstructive respiratory tract disease

Quality of Life

"quality of life"[MeSH Terms] OR hrql OR life qualit* OR qol OR ql OR "quality of life"

Keyword search for family members

You may want to use only a selection of the following. Also, consider also using terms like "infant."

aunt* OR brother* OR caregiver* OR famil* OR father* OR grandfather* OR grand-father* OR grandmother* OR grand-mother* OR grandparent* OR grand-parent* OR guardian* OR mother* OR parent* OR sibling* OR sister* OR step-father* OR step-mother* OR step-parent* OR twin OR twins OR uncle* OR step-sibling* OR step-sister* OR step-brother*

Keyword Search for Bereavement

bereavement OR grief OR grieving OR mourn*

Keyword Search for Sex / Gender Differences

sex difference* OR gender difference* OR sex characteristic* OR gender characteristic* OR sex factor* OR sex dimorphism*

Tuesday, October 6, 2009

Radiography -- keywords

(radiogra* OR radiolog* OR x-ray OR x-rays OR CT[tiab] OR tomogra* OR SPECT OR sonogra* OR ultrasound OR ultrasonogra* OR MRI OR CT[tiab] OR "magnetic resonance" OR absorptiometr* OR angiogra* OR "age determination" OR "age determinations" OR "sex determination" OR "gender determination" OR "sex determinations" OR "gender determinations" OR phlebogra* OR portogra* OR Arthrogra* OR Cineradiogra* OR Cineangiogra* OR Electrokymogra* OR Fluoroscop* OR Photofluorogra* OR Hysterosalpingogra* OR Lymphogra* OR Mammogra* OR Xeromammogra* OR Microradiogra* OR Neuroradiogra* OR Ventriculogra* OR Echoencephalogra* OR echocardiogra* OR Myelogra* OR Pneumoencephalogra* OR Pneumoradiogra* OR Pneumoencephalogra* OR Cholangiogra* OR Cholecystogra* OR Defecogra* OR Portogra* OR Sialogra* OR Bronchogra* OR Urogra* OR Xeroradiogra* OR Xeromammogra* OR (radionuclide AND (scan OR scanned OR scanning OR scans)) OR neuroradiol*)

Forensic -- keywords

(forensic OR medicolegal OR medico-legal OR medical-legal OR coroner* OR "medical examiner" OR "medical examiners" OR “law enforcement” OR FBI OR "federal bureau of investigation" OR CIA OR "central intelligence agency" OR detective* OR jury OR juries OR court OR courts OR prosecut* OR plaintiff* OR judicial OR testimony OR jurisprudence OR legal OR evidentiary OR admissible OR admissibility OR convict OR convicts OR criminal* OR illegal OR unlawful OR victim* OR arson OR arsonist* OR defraud* OR Fraud OR fraudulent OR stolen OR "breaking and entering" OR burgler* OR murderer* OR murder OR murders OR murdered OR murdering OR manslaughter* OR Homicide* OR Infanticide* OR fratricide* OR genocide* OR patricide* OR matricide* OR suicid* OR "Sex Offenses" OR "Sex Offense" OR rape OR rapes OR rapist* OR Child Abuse OR Abuser* OR pedophil* OR paedophil* OR sodomy OR sodomize* OR molest* OR assault* OR Mugger* OR mugged OR brutality OR "intentional injury" OR "intentional injuries" OR wounding OR wounded OR wounds[tiab] OR beating* OR stab OR stabbing OR stabs OR stabbed OR impale* OR "knife wound" OR "knife wounds" OR switchblade* OR gun OR guns OR gunned OR gunning OR gunman OR gunmen OR ballistic* OR bullet OR bullets OR "foreign body" OR "foreign bodies" OR rifle* OR shotgun* OR weapon* OR shooter* OR sniper* OR "blunt trauma" OR "penetrating wound" OR "penetrating wounds" OR “train accident” OR “train accidents” OR “bus accident” OR “bus accidents” OR “truck accident” OR “truck accidents” OR "vehicular accident" OR "vehicular accidents" OR "vehicle accident" OR "vehicle accidents" OR "car accident" OR "car accidents" OR "hit and run" OR "hit-and-run" OR crash OR crashed OR crashes OR crashing OR crush OR crushes OR crushed OR crushing OR asphyxia* OR suffocate* OR smother* OR strangle* OR strangulation* OR hanging* OR lynch*[tiab] OR drown OR drowned OR drowning OR drowns OR electrocut* OR exsanguinat* OR eviscerat* OR decapitat* OR Theft* OR thieve* OR thief OR Violence OR violent OR poison* OR Terrorism OR terrorist* OR bomb OR bombed OR bombing OR bombs OR explosive* OR explosion* OR missile* OR projectile* OR crossbow* OR “cross bow” OR “cross bows” OR spear OR spears OR WMD OR weapon* OR munition* OR artillery OR baton* OR “brass knuckles” OR axe OR ax OR machete* OR battery OR battered OR ligature* OR Torture OR torturer* OR Holocaust OR interred OR disinterred OR exhume OR exhumed OR exhumes OR exhuming OR exhumation* OR putrefaction OR Putrefy OR putrefied OR putrefying OR putrefies OR Adipocere OR "rigor mortis" OR "livor mortis" OR lividity OR saponificat* OR liquefact* OR mummificat* OR mummified )

Death (forensic perspective) -- keywords

(death OR deaths OR die OR died OR dies OR dying OR mortality OR fatal* OR lethal* OR expire* OR succumb* OR decease* OR predecease* OR decedent* OR corpse* OR skeleton* OR post-mortem OR postmortem OR “post mortem” OR post-mortems OR postmortems OR “post mortems” OR autopsy OR autopsies OR autopsied OR autopsying OR morgue* OR coroner* OR "medical examiner" OR "medical examiners" OR diener* OR manslaughter* OR murder OR murders OR murderer* OR Homicide* OR Infanticide* OR fratricide* OR genocide* OR patricide* OR matricide* OR suicide OR suicides OR bury OR buries OR buried OR burying OR interred OR disinterred OR exhume OR exhumed OR exhumes OR exhuming OR exhumation* OR putrefact* OR Putrefy OR putrefied OR putrefying OR putrefies OR adipocere OR "rigor mortis" OR "livor mortis" OR lividity OR saponificat* OR liquefact* OR mummificat* OR mummified )

Nephrology filters

The Health Information Research Unit at McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, in collaboration with the Kidney Clinical Research Unit at the University Western Ontario in London, Ontario, developed and tested MEDLINE filters that allow us to search for articles within a specific discipline (Nephrology).
These filters are based on:
Garg AX, Iansavichus AV, Wilczynski NL, Kastner M, Baier LA, Shariff SZ, Rehman F, Weir M, McKibbon KA, Haynes RB. Filtering Medline for a clinical discipline: diagnostic test assessment framework. BMJ. 2009 Sep 18;339:b3435. doi: 10.1136/bmj.b3435. PubMed PMID: 19767336. Available in: http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/339/sep18_1/b3435?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=1&andorexacttitle=and&andorexacttitleabs=and&andorexactfulltext=and&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&sortspec=date&fdate=1/1/1981&resourcetype=HWCIT
The authors provide these filters at http://hiru.mcmaster.ca/hiru/HIRU_Hedges_Nephrology_Filters.aspx

Optimized for sensitive/broad:
"kidney diseases"[mh] OR "renal replacement therapy"[mh] OR renal[tw] OR kidney*[tw] OR (nephre*[tw] OR nephri*[tw] OR nephroc*[tw] OR nephrog*[tw] OR nephrol*[tw] OR nephron*[tw] OR nephrop*[tw] OR nephros*[tw] OR nephrot*[tw]) OR proteinuria[tw]

Optimized for specific/narrow:
("renal replacement therapy"[majr] OR "kidney diseases"[majr] OR kidney*[ti] OR nephr*[ti] OR renal[ti] OR "kidney"[majr:noexp] OR "renal dialysis"[mh] OR "kidney function tests"[majr] OR "proteinuria"[majr:noexp] OR glomerul*[ti]) NOT ("kidney neoplasms"[majr] OR pyelonephritis[majr:noexp] OR "urinary tract infections"[majr] OR "nephrolithiasis"[majr])

Monday, October 5, 2009

Health Care Workers -- keywords and MeSH

Not all terms in this search statement will be relevant to all searches.  The searcher should, of course, remove all terms not relevant to his/her search. 

Some of the search terms are not specific for to healthcare.  However, when these terms are used in PubMed, most records retrieved concern workers in healthcare institutions.  If one uses the statement below and finds that lots of records concerning workers in non-healthcare situtations are being retrieved, one could then create a compound search term that includes the less specific terms, as in
 ((hospital*[tiab] OR clinic[tiab] OR clinics[tiab] OR inpatient* OR outpatient* OR healthcare OR "health care" OR "longterm care" OR medical ....) AND (worker* OR staff OR personnel[tiab] OR manager* OR administrator* OR supervisor* OR intern* OR interns* OR resident* OR residents* OR technician* OR librarian* OR housekeeper*......))
The compound search term could then be OR'd in with the more specific terms.  

(physician*[tiab] OR doctor*[tiab] OR allopath OR allopaths OR osteopath OR osteopaths OR homeopath OR homeopaths OR practitioner* OR specialist* OR generalist* OR "medical student" OR "medical students" OR "house officer" OR "house officers" OR Resident OR residents OR intern[tiab] OR interns[tiab] OR nurse[tiab] OR nurses[tiab] OR "nursing assistant" OR "nursing assistants" OR "nurse aide" OR "nurses aide" OR "nurse aides" OR "nurses aides" OR orderly OR orderlies OR dietician* OR psychologist* OR counselor* OR therapist* OR pharmacist* OR dentist*[tiab] OR hygeinist* OR phlebotomist* OR chiropracter* OR acupuncturist* OR anaesthesiologist* OR anesthesiologist* OR anaesthetist* OR anesthetist* OR perfusionist* OR surgeon*[tiab] OR pediatrician* OR paediatrician* OR obstetrician* OR gynecologist* OR gynaecologist* OR radiologist* OR sonographer* OR cardiologist* OR gastroenterologist* OR hepatologist* OR endocrinologist* OR diabetologist* OR internist* OR hospitalist* OR intensivist* OR rheumatologist* OR immunologist* OR dermatologist* OR allergist* OR otolaryngologist* OR otorhinolaryngologist* OR oncologist* OR hematologist* OR haematologist* OR orthopedist* OR orthopaedist* OR physiatrist* OR podiatrist* OR technician* OR pathologist* OR diener* OR cytologist* OR cytogeneticist* OR geneticist* OR hematopathologist* OR haematopathologist* OR neurologist* OR neurosurgeon* OR ophthalmologist* OR optician* OR urologist* OR nephrologist* OR pulmonologist* OR neonatologist* OR psychiatrist* OR administrator* OR supervisor* OR receptionist* OR personnel[tiab] OR team OR staff OR worker* OR researcher OR researchers OR librarian* OR informationist* OR housekeeper* OR janitor* OR officer* OR responder* OR paramedic* OR laboratorian* OR coordinator* OR navigator* OR manager* OR attendant* OR cashier OR cashiers OR accountant OR accountants OR "Health Personnel"[Mesh] OR "Education, Medical"[Mesh] OR "Students, Health Occupations"[Mesh])

Occupational medicine - MeSH

This search strategy was contributed by Concepción Campos-Asensio and is based on:
Sanz-Valero J, Veiga de Cabo J, Rojo-Alonso C, D´Agostino Marcelo J, Wanden-Berghe C, Espulgues Pellicer JX et al . Los filtros metodológicos: aplicación a la búsqueda bibliográfica en la medicina del trabajo española. Med. segur. trab. [online]. 2008 Jun [citado 2009 Sep 22] ; 5 (211): 75-83. Available in: http://scielo.isciii.es/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0465-546X2008000200009&lng=es.

The strategy is:
"Occupational Health Services"[MAJR] OR "Occupational Health Nursing"[MAJR] OR "Occupational Exposure"[MAJR] OR "Occupational Therapy"[MAJR] OR "Occupational Medicine"[MAJR] OR "Occupational Dentistry"[MAJR] OR "Occupational Diseases"[MAJR] OR "Noise, Occupational"[MAJR] OR "Occupational Health"[MAJR] OR "Occupational Therapy Department, Hospital"[MAJR] OR "Dermatitis, Occupational"[MAJR] OR "Accidents, Occupational"[MAJR] OR "Air Pollutants, Occupational"[MAJR]

Studies on measurement propierties of measurement intruments

These strategies were contributed by Concepción Campos Asensio and are based on:
Terwee CB, Jansma EP, Riphagen II, de Vet HC. Development of a methodological PubMed search filter for finding studies on measurement properties of measurement instruments. Qual Life Res. 2009 Oct;18(8):1115-23. Epub 2009 Aug 27. PubMed PMID: 19711195; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2744791.
Available in: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pubmed&pubmedid=19711195

Search filters for finding studies on measurement properties.
Filter 1: Sensitive search filter for measurement properties
(instrumentation[sh] OR methods[sh] OR Validation Studies[pt] OR Comparative Study[pt] OR “psychometrics”[MeSH] OR psychometr*[tiab] OR clinimetr*[tw] OR clinometr*[tw] OR “outcome assessment (health care)”[MeSH] OR outcome assessment[tiab] OR outcome measure*[tw] OR “observer variation”[MeSH] OR observer variation[tiab] OR “Health Status Indicators”[Mesh] OR “reproducibility of results”[MeSH] OR reproducib*[tiab] OR “discriminant analysis”[MeSH] OR reliab*[tiab] OR unreliab*[tiab] OR valid*[tiab] OR coefficient[tiab] OR homogeneity[tiab] OR homogeneous[tiab] OR “internal consistency”[tiab] OR (cronbach*[tiab] AND (alpha[tiab] OR alphas[tiab])) OR (item[tiab] AND (correlation*[tiab] OR selection*[tiab] OR reduction*[tiab])) OR agreement[tiab] OR precision[tiab] OR imprecision[tiab] OR “precise values”[tiab] OR test–retest[tiab] OR (test[tiab] AND retest[tiab]) OR (reliab*[tiab] AND (test[tiab] OR retest[tiab])) OR stability[tiab] OR interrater[tiab] OR inter-rater[tiab] OR intrarater[tiab] OR intra-rater[tiab] OR intertester[tiab] OR inter-tester[tiab] OR intratester[tiab] OR intra-tester[tiab] OR interobserver[tiab] OR inter-observer[tiab] OR intraobserver[tiab] OR intra-observer[tiab] OR intertechnician[tiab] OR inter-technician[tiab] OR intratechnician[tiab] OR intra-technician[tiab] OR interexaminer[tiab] OR inter-examiner[tiab] OR intraexaminer[tiab] OR intra-examiner[tiab] OR interassay[tiab] OR inter-assay[tiab] OR intraassay[tiab] OR intra-assay[tiab] OR interindividual[tiab] OR inter-individual[tiab] OR intraindividual[tiab] OR intra-individual[tiab] OR interparticipant[tiab] OR inter-participant[tiab] OR intraparticipant[tiab] OR intra-participant[tiab] OR kappa[tiab] OR kappa’s[tiab] OR kappas[tiab] OR repeatab*[tiab] OR ((replicab*[tiab] OR repeated[tiab]) AND (measure[tiab] OR measures[tiab] OR findings[tiab] OR result[tiab] OR results[tiab] OR test[tiab] OR tests[tiab])) OR generaliza*[tiab] OR generalisa*[tiab] OR concordance[tiab] OR (intraclass[tiab] AND correlation*[tiab]) OR discriminative[tiab] OR “known group”[tiab] OR factor analysis[tiab] OR factor analyses[tiab] OR dimension*[tiab] OR subscale*[tiab] OR (multitrait[tiab] AND scaling[tiab] AND (analysis[tiab] OR analyses[tiab])) OR item discriminant[tiab] OR interscale correlation*[tiab] OR error[tiab] OR errors[tiab] OR “individual variability”[tiab] OR (variability[tiab] AND (analysis[tiab] OR values[tiab])) OR (uncertainty[tiab] AND (measurement[tiab] OR measuring[tiab])) OR “standard error of measurement”[tiab] OR sensitiv*[tiab] OR responsive*[tiab] OR ((minimal[tiab] OR minimally[tiab] OR clinical[tiab] OR clinically[tiab]) AND (important[tiab] OR significant[tiab] OR detectable[tiab]) AND (change[tiab] OR difference[tiab])) OR (small*[tiab] AND (real[tiab] OR detectable[tiab]) AND (change[tiab] OR difference[tiab])) OR meaningful change[tiab] OR “ceiling effect”[tiab] OR “floor effect”[tiab] OR “Item response model”[tiab] OR IRT[tiab] OR Rasch[tiab] OR “Differential item functioning”[tiab] OR DIF[tiab] OR “computer adaptive testing”[tiab] OR “item bank”[tiab] OR “cross-cultural equivalence”[tiab])

Filter 2: Precise search filter for measurement properties
(instrumentation[sh] OR Validation Studies[pt] OR “reproducibility of results”[MeSH Terms] OR reproducib*[tiab] OR “psychometrics”[MeSH] OR psychometr*[tiab] OR clinimetr*[tiab] OR clinometr*[tiab] OR “observer variation”[MeSH] OR observer variation[tiab] OR “discriminant analysis”[MeSH] OR reliab*[tiab] OR valid*[tiab] OR coefficient[tiab] OR “internal consistency”[tiab] OR (cronbach*[tiab] AND (alpha[tiab] OR alphas[tiab])) OR “item correlation”[tiab] OR “item correlations”[tiab] OR “item selection”[tiab] OR “item selections”[tiab] OR “item reduction”[tiab] OR “item reductions”[tiab] OR agreement[tw] OR precision[tw] OR imprecision[tw] OR “precise values”[tw] OR test–retest[tiab] OR (test[tiab] AND retest[tiab]) OR (reliab*[tiab] AND (test[tiab] OR retest[tiab])) OR stability[tiab] OR interrater[tiab] OR inter-rater[tiab] OR intrarater[tiab] OR intra-rater[tiab] OR intertester[tiab] OR inter-tester[tiab] OR intratester[tiab] OR intra-tester[tiab] OR interobserver[tiab] OR inter-observer[tiab] OR intraobserver[tiab] OR intra-observer[tiab] OR intertechnician[tiab] OR inter-technician[tiab] OR intratechnician[tiab] OR intra-technician[tiab] OR interexaminer[tiab] OR inter-examiner[tiab] OR intraexaminer[tiab] OR intra-examiner[tiab] OR interassay[tiab] OR inter-assay[tiab] OR intraassay[tiab] OR intra-assay[tiab] OR interindividual[tiab] OR inter-individual[tiab] OR intraindividual[tiab] OR intra-individual[tiab] OR interparticipant[tiab] OR inter-participant[tiab] OR intraparticipant[tiab] OR intra-participant[tiab] OR kappa[tiab] OR kappa’s[tiab] OR kappas[tiab] OR “coefficient of variation”[tiab] OR repeatab*[tw] OR ((replicab*[tw] OR repeated[tw]) AND (measure[tw] OR measures[tw] OR findings[tw] OR result[tw] OR results[tw] OR test[tw] OR tests[tw])) OR generaliza*[tiab] OR generalisa*[tiab] OR concordance[tiab] OR (intraclass[tiab] AND correlation*[tiab]) OR discriminative[tiab] OR “known group”[tiab] OR “factor analysis”[tiab] OR “factor analyses”[tiab] OR “factor structure”[tiab] OR “factor structures”[tiab] OR dimensionality[tiab] OR subscale*[tiab] OR “multitrait scaling analysis”[tiab] OR “multitrait scaling analyses”[tiab] OR “item discriminant”[tiab]OR “interscale correlation”[tiab] OR “interscale correlations”[tiab] OR ((error[tiab] OR errors[tiab]) AND (measure*[tiab] OR correlat*[tiab] OR evaluat*[tiab] OR accuracy[tiab] OR accurate[tiab] OR precision[tiab] OR mean[tiab])) OR “individual variability”[tiab] OR “interval variability”[tiab] OR “rate variability”[tiab] OR “variability analysis”[tiab] OR (uncertainty[tiab] AND (measurement[tiab] OR measuring[tiab])) OR “standard error of measurement”[tiab] OR sensitiv*[tiab] OR responsive*[tiab] OR (limit[tiab] AND detection[tiab]) OR “minimal detectable concentration”[tiab] OR interpretab*[tiab] OR (small*[tiab] AND (real[tiab] OR detectable[tiab]) AND (change[tiab] OR difference[tiab])) OR “meaningful change”[tiab] OR “minimal important change”[tiab] OR “minimal important difference”[tiab] OR “minimally important change”[tiab] OR “minimally important difference”[tiab] OR “minimal detectable change”[tiab] OR “minimal detectable difference”[tiab] OR “minimally detectable change”[tiab] OR “minimally detectable difference”[tiab] OR “minimal real change”[tiab] OR “minimal real difference”[tiab] OR “minimally real change”[tiab] OR “minimally real difference”[tiab] OR “ceiling effect”[tiab] OR “floor effect”[tiab] OR “Item response model”[tiab] OR IRT[tiab] OR Rasch[tiab] OR “Differential item functioning”[tiab] OR DIF[tiab] OR “computer adaptive testing”[tiab] OR “item bank”[tiab] OR “cross-cultural equivalence”[tiab])

Exclusion filter
(“addresses”[Publication Type] OR “biography”[Publication Type] OR “case reports”[Publication Type] OR “comment”[Publication Type] OR “directory”[Publication Type] OR “editorial”[Publication Type] OR “festschrift”[Publication Type] OR “interview”[Publication Type] OR “lectures”[Publication Type] OR “legal cases”[Publication Type] OR “legislation”[Publication Type] OR “letter”[Publication Type] OR “news”[Publication Type] OR “newspaper article”[Publication Type] OR “patient education handout”[Publication Type] OR “popular works”[Publication Type] OR “congresses”[Publication Type] OR “consensus development conference”[Publication Type] OR “consensus development conference, nih”[Publication Type] OR “practice guideline”[Publication Type]) NOT (“animals”[MeSH Terms] NOT “humans”[MeSH Terms])

Monday, September 21, 2009

Nurse-authored research articles -- keywords

This strategy was contributed by Concepción Campos-Asensio.  It's the filter for nurse-authored research articles published in: McGraw MP. Narrowing PubMed searches to nursing-related articles. Comput Inform Nurs. 2009 Sep-Oct;27(5):272-5. PubMed PMID: 19726919.

(randomi* OR cohort OR systematic OR RCT) AND (nurse* OR nursing OR LVN OR LPN OR RN OR BSN OR MSN OR ND OR DNSc OR DNP)

Wednesday, September 16, 2009

one-to-many study design -- keywords -- not for PubMed

This search strategy doesn't work well in PubMed. I decided to post the "one-to-many" search strategy on the PubMed blog to remind myself that I might end up having to perform a Google Scholar search for this concept. I usually only try Google Scholar after becoming discouraged with other options (including PubMed).


("one-with-many method" OR "one-with-many design" OR "one-with-many matching" OR "one-to-many design" OR "one-to-many method" OR "one-to-many matching" OR "one-of-many design" OR "one-of-many method" OR "one-of-many matching" OR "many-with-one method" OR "many-with-one design" OR "many-with-one matching" OR "many-to-one design" OR "many-to-one method" OR "many-to-one matching" )

Monday, September 14, 2009

statins -- keywords

The first search statement shown below was produced by ORing together the synonyms from the MICROMEDEX POISINDEX Managements article "LOVASTATIN AND RELATED DRUGS" and the American trade names from AHFS Drug Information. (CAS numbers from the MICROMEDEX article were not included.) Alternate forms of investigational names were inserted.

("HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors" OR "HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor" OR statin OR statins OR LOVASTATIN OR "L-154803" OR "L154803" OR "L 154803" OR "MB-530B" OR "MB530B" OR "MB 530B" OR "6-alpha methylcompactin" OR Mevinacor OR Mevinic OR Mevinolin OR Mevlor OR "MK-803" OR "MK803" OR "MK 803" OR Monacolin OR "MSD-803" OR "MSD803" OR "MSD 803"OR mevacor OR altoprev OR CERIVASTATIN OR "BAY W6228" OR "BAY-W6228" OR "BAYW6228" OR FLUVASTATIN OR "XU-62-320" OR "XU62-320" OR "XU 62-320" OR lescol OR ATORVASTATIN OR lipitor OR caduet OR "CI-981" OR "CI981" OR "CI 981" OR PITAVASTATIN OR Itavastatin OR Nisvastatin OR "NK-104" OR "NK104" OR "NK 104" OR "NKS-104" OR "NKS104" OR "NKS 104" OR "P-872441" OR "P872441" OR "P 872441" OR PRAVASTATIN OR "CS-514" OR "CS514" OR "CS 514" OR Eptastatin OR "3-beta-Hydroxycompactin" OR Pravachol OR ROSUVASTATIN OR Crestor OR "ZD4522" OR "ZD 4522" OR "ZD-4522" OR SIMVASTATIN OR "L-644128-OOOU" OR "L644128OOOU" OR "L 644128-OOOU" OR "MK-733" OR "MK733" OR "MK 733" OR Synvinolin OR zocor )

The search statement (see above) was then test-run in PubMed. After the test run, it was clear that phrases and terms not recognized by PubMed would have to be removed as too many irrelevant results were being retrieved. I've removed the unrecognized phrases and terms from the search statement below:

("HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors" OR "HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor" OR statin OR statins OR LOVASTATIN OR "MB-530B" OR "MB 530B" OR Mevinacor OR Mevinic OR Mevinolin OR Mevlor OR "MK-803" OR "MK803" OR "MK 803" OR Monacolin OR mevacor OR altoprev OR CERIVASTATIN OR "BAYW6228" OR FLUVASTATIN OR "XU-62-320" OR "XU62-320" OR "XU 62-320" OR lescol OR ATORVASTATIN OR lipitor OR caduet OR "CI-981" OR "CI 981" OR PITAVASTATIN OR Itavastatin OR Nisvastatin OR "NK-104" OR "NK104" OR "NK 104" OR "P-872441" OR "P 872441" OR PRAVASTATIN OR "CS-514" OR "CS514" OR "CS 514" OR Eptastatin OR "3-beta-Hydroxycompactin" OR Pravachol OR ROSUVASTATIN OR Crestor OR "ZD4522" OR SIMVASTATIN OR "MK-733" OR "MK733" OR "MK 733" OR Synvinolin OR zocor )

Sunday, September 13, 2009

PML -- keywords and MeSH

(PML* OR "Progressive Multifocal Leukodystrophy" OR "Progressive Multifocal Leucodystrophy" OR "progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy" OR "progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy" OR "Progressive Multifocal Leukodystrophies" OR "Progressive Multifocal Leucodystrophies" OR "progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathies" OR "progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathies" )

bisphosphonates -- keywords

(bisphosphonate* OR diphosphonate* OR clodronate OR clodronic OR Bonefos OR Bonephos OR alendronate OR alendronic OR Fosamax OR MK217 OR MK-217 OR "MK 217" OR etidronate OR etidronic OR didronel OR "Hydroxyethylidene Diphosphonic " OR HEDP OR EHDP OR HEDSPA OR ibandronate OR ibandronic OR boniva OR "BM 21.0955" OR "BM 210955" OR "BM-210955" OR BM21095 OR "BM-21.0955" OR OLPADRONATE OR opadronic OR Me2-APD OR Me2APD OR "Me2 APD" OR "dimethyl-pamidronate" OR pamidronate OR pamidronic OR AHPrBP OR " aminopropanehydroxydiphosphonate" OR "aminohydroxypropylidene diphosphonate" OR aredia OR risedronate OR risedronic OR actonel OR TILUDRONATE OR tiludronic OR skelid OR Cl2SMBP OR zoledronate OR zoledronic OR zometa OR reclast OR "CGP 42446" OR "CGP-42446" OR "CGP- 42446")

Thursday, September 10, 2009

co-sleeping -- keyword

("Sleep environment" OR "sleep environments" OR ((bed OR beds ) AND (share OR shared OR sharing OR shares)) OR bedsharing OR "bed sharing" OR bed-sharing OR "sleeping arrangements" OR co-sleep* OR cosleep* OR co-bed* OR cobed*)

I produce keyword searches primarily for the purpose of searching PREMEDLINE and OLD MEDLINE. In PubMed, applying a Neonate/Infant age group limit to a search will limit that search to MEDLINE and exclude all PREMEDLINE and OLD MEDLINE results. For the co-sleeping concept, there is no good MeSH term so to retrieve MEDLINE results, I might perform the keyword search with a Neonate/Infant age group limit, and then, to retrieve PREMEDLINE/OLD MEDLINE/un-indexed PubMed Central records, I would remove the limits, add an infant/neonate concept in keywords, and add -- NOT MEDLINE[sb] -- at the end of the search statement. My infant/neonate keyword search statement is also available via the blog.

Thursday, September 3, 2009

Southeast Asian -- keywords

This keyword list is not based on the most authoritative source. I'm posting it here because I never want to have to start from scratch on this list of terms again : - ).

(Acehnese OR Ambonese OR “Andaman Islands" OR Andamanese OR Austronesian* OR Afro-Asiatic* OR Austro-Asiatic* OR Batak* OR Baikeno* OR Bicol OR Bikol OR Borneian* OR Brunei OR Buginese OR Bunak OR Burma OR Burmese OR Cambodia* OR Cebuano* OR Ceramese OR Chamic OR China OR Chinese OR "Christmas Island" OR "Cocos Islands" OR Dayak OR Dravidian* OR "East Indies" OR "East Timor" OR Fataluku OR Filipino* OR Fujian* OR Galoli* OR Guangxi* OR Guizhou* OR Guangdong* OR Guam OR Hainan OR Halmahera* OR Hiligaynon* OR Hiligaynon/Ilonggo* OR Hmong* OR "Hong Kong" OR Hunan* OR Ilokano* OR Ilonggo* OR Indo-European* OR Indochin* OR indo-chin* OR Indonesia OR Indonesian* OR Isaan OR Javanese OR Jiangxi OR Kachin OR Kapampangan* OR Karen[tiab] OR "keeling islands" OR Kemak* OR Khmer* OR Kradai* OR Lan-Nang* OR "lan nang" OR Lao OR Laos OR laotian* OR Lue OR Macau* OR Madura* OR Makasae OR Malayalam* OR Malaysia OR Malay* OR Malayo-Polynesian OR Mambae OR mumbae OR "Mariana Islands" OR mekong OR Micronesia* OR Minahasa OR "min nan" OR min-nan OR Minang OR Myanmar OR Mon-Khmer OR "Nicobar Islands" OR Nicobarese OR "new guinea" OR "Pacific Islands" OR "Pacific Islanders" OR Pangasinan* OR papua* OR Palau* OR Pampango* OR Pangasinan* OR Papuan* OR Philippin* OR Phutai* OR Polynesian* OR Rakhine* OR Sasak* OR Shan[tiab] OR Shompen OR Singapore OR Sundanese OR Tagalog* OR Taiwanese OR Taiwan OR Tamil* OR Toraja OR Tukudede* OR Telugu* OR Tetum* OR Thailand OR Thai OR Yunnan* OR Vietnam OR Vietnamese OR Waray* OR Waray-Waray* OR "Waray Waray" OR "Waray Warays" OR Zhejiang* OR "southeast asian" OR "southeast asians" OR asian OR Asians OR "southeast asia" OR "East Asian" OR "East Asians")

Cochrane Based Adverse Effects

"complications"[Subheading] OR “complication”[all fields] OR “complications”[all fields] OR “complicating”[all fields] OR "adverse effects"[Subheading] OR "adverse effects"[all fields] OR “adverse effect”[all fields] OR “adversely affected”[all fields] OR "side effects"[all fields] OR “side effect”[all fields] OR “drug contraindication” [all fields] OR “drug contraindications” [all fields] OR "contraindications "[Subheading] OR "contraindications "[all fields] OR "contraindication"[All Fields] OR "contraindicated"[All Fields] OR “toxicity” [all fields] OR "Drug Toxicity"[Mesh] OR "Drug Eruptions"[Mesh] OR “drug toxicity” [all fields] OR “adverse drug reaction” [All Fields] OR “adverse drug reactions”[all fields] OR “drug eruptions” [all fields] OR “drug eruption” [all fields] OR “toxic effect” [all fields] OR “toxic effects” [all fields] OR "Toxic Actions"[Mesh] OR “adverse event” [all fields] OR “adverse events” [all fields] OR “poisoning” [all fields] OR "chemically induced "[Subheading] OR “chemically induced” [all fields] OR "Dose-Response Relationship, Drug"[Mesh] OR "Treatment Failure"[Mesh]

Monday, August 24, 2009

pharmacoepidemiology -- keywords

(pharmacoepid*) OR ((prescrib* OR prescript* OR drug OR drugs OR therapy OR therapies OR therapeutic OR medication* OR pharmaceutic* OR pharmacy OR pharmacies OR oral OR intravenous OR nasogastric OR rectal OR milligram* OR microgram OR micrograms OR dose OR doses OR dosage* OR administer* OR chemotherap* OR adjuvant OR pill OR pills OR tablet* OR lozenge* OR suppositor* OR injection* OR infusion*) AND (utiliz* OR utilis* OR pattern* OR audit* OR use OR usage OR epidemiolog*))

Pharmacoepidemiology -- MeSH

("Drug Utilization"[mesh] OR (("adverse effects"[sh] OR "drug therapy"[sh] OR "Drug Prescriptions "[mesh] OR "Pharmaceutical Preparations"[mesh] OR "Therapeutic Uses "[mesh] OR "therapeutic use"[sh] OR "Drug Therapy"[mesh]) AND ("Medical Audit "[mesh] OR "Attitude of Health Personnel "[mesh] OR "Physician's Practice Patterns "[mesh] OR "Epidemiology "[mesh] OR "epidemiology"[sh])))

Grave's Disease -- MeSH and keywords

("Graves Disease"[Mesh] OR “graves disease” OR “grave’s disease” OR “graves’ disease” OR “Basedow's Disease” OR “Basedow's Disease” OR “Basedow Disease” OR “Exophthalmic Goiter” OR “Exophthalmic Goiters” OR ((graves OR grave’s OR graves’ OR thyroid*) AND (ophthalmopath* OR proptosis OR orbitopath* OR “eye disease” OR "eye diseases" OR exophthalm* OR dermopath*)))

treatment resistance -- MeSH and keywords

Usually only a subset of the following terms will be appropriate for a given search:
("drug resistance"[mesh] OR "treatment failure"[mesh] OR "recurrence"[mesh] OR "treatment outcome"[mesh] OR resistan* OR refractory OR nonrespon* OR non-respon* OR responsiveness OR recur* OR relaps* OR fail*)

Friday, August 21, 2009

methimazole -- keyword and mesh

("Methimazole"[Mesh] OR Methimazole OR Antitiroide OR Bromazolo OR Danantizol OR Favistan OR Mercaptizol OR Mercasolyl OR OR Mercazol OR Mercazole OR Mercazolyl OR Mercazolil OR Merkazolil OR Methylmercaptoimidazole OR Methymazol OR Metibasol OR Methizol OR Metisol OR Metizol OR Metothyrin OR “Neo Endofren” OR Northyx OR Sirenitas OR Strumazol OR Tapazol OR Tapazole OR Thacapzol OR Thiamazole OR Thimazol OR Thycapzol OR Thyromazol OR Thyrozol OR Tiamazol OR Timazol OR Tirodril OR Tirozol OR Unimazole)

Tuesday, August 18, 2009

angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors -- keywords and MeSH

("Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors"[Mesh] OR "Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors "[Pharmacological Action] OR "Captopril"[Mesh] OR "benazepril "[Substance Name] OR "Enalapril"[Mesh] OR "Enalaprilat"[Mesh] OR "Fosinopril"[Mesh] OR "Lisinopril"[Mesh] OR "moexipril "[Substance Name] OR "Perindopril"[Mesh] OR "quinapril "[Substance Name] OR "Ramipril"[Mesh] OR "trandolapril "[Substance Name] OR "Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor" OR "Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors" OR "Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor" OR "Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors" OR "Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme-Inhibitor" OR "Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme-Inhibitors" OR "ACE inhibitor" OR "ACE inhibitors" OR ACEI OR Acovil OR Benazepril OR Captopril OR Enalaprilat OR nalapril OR Fosinopril OR Hiperlex OR Lisinopril OR Monopril OR Moexipril OR Perindopril OR Quinapril OR Ramipril OR Trandolapril OR Aceon OR Accupril OR Altace OR benazapril OR benzazepril OR Briem OR Capoten OR Capozide OR Carasel OR Cibacène OR Cibacen OR Delix OR Dynacil OR Enalapril* OR Erbumine OR Fempress OR fosinorm OR Fositens OR Fosinil OR Fozitec OR Gopten OR Labopal OR Lopirin OR Lotensin OR Lotrel OR Lysinopril OR Mavik OR Moex OR Monopril OR Newace OR " Pres iv" OR Perdix OR Perstarium OR Prinivil OR Ramace OR Renitec OR Renitek OR staril OR Tenso OR Tensocardil OR Triatec OR Tritace OR Udrik OR Univasc OR Zabien OR Univasc OR Uniretic OR Vasotek OR Vasotec OR Vesdil OR Zestril OR Xanef)



ORing in the following investigational names may be helpful. However, I had some problems with a search statement that included these (a multi-concept search that included investigational names retrieved fewer results than a search statement without these OR'd in). I haven't figured out the problem yet.


"CGS-14824-A" OR "CGS-14824A" OR "CGS 14824A" OR "CGS 14824-A" OR "CGS14824A" OR "CI 906" OR "CI-906" OR CI906 OR "HOE-498" OR "HOE 498" OR HOE498 OR "L-154826" OR "L 154826" OR L154826 OR "MK-421" OR "MK 421" OR MK421 OR "MK-422" OR "MK 422" OR MK422 OR "MK-521" OR "MK 521" OR MK521 OR "PD 109452-2" OR "PD-109,452-2" OR "S-9490-3" OR "S 9490-3" OR "McN-A-2833-109" OR "RS 10085" OR "RS-10085" OR RS10085 OR "RU 44570" OR RU44570 OR "RU-44570" OR "S-9490" OR "S 9490" OR S9490 OR "S 9490-3" OR "S 9490 3" OR "S 94903" OR "SCH 31846" OR "SCH-31846" OR SCH31846 OR SQ-14,534 "SQ 14,534" OR "SQ14,534" "SQ-14534" OR "SQ 14534" OR SQ14534 "SQ-14,225" OR "SQ 14,225" OR "SQ14,225" OR "SQ-14225" OR "SQ 14225" OR SQ14225 OR "SQ-28,555" OR "SQ 28,555" OR "SQ28,555" OR "SQ-28555" OR "SQ 28555" OR SQ28555

Angiotensin Receptor Blockers -- keywords and MeSH

("Receptors, Angiotensin/antagonists and inhibitors"[mesh] OR "Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers"[Mesh] OR "Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers"[Pharmacological Action] OR "candesartan "[Substance Name] OR "eprosartan "[Substance Name] OR "irbesartan "[Substance Name] OR "Losartan"[Mesh] OR "olmesartan "[Substance Name] OR "telmisartan "[Substance Name] OR "telmisartan-hydrochlorothiazide "[Substance Name] OR "valsartan "[Substance Name] OR "tasosartan "[Substance Name] OR "Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists" OR "Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonist" OR "Angiotensin II-Receptor Antagonists" OR "Angiotensin II-Receptor Antagonist" OR "Angiotensin-II-Receptor Antagonists" OR "Angiotensin-II-Receptor Antagonist" OR "angiotensin receptor blockers" OR "angiotensin receptor blocker" OR "angiotensin-receptor blockers" OR "angiotensin-receptor blocker"OR Candesartan OR Eprosartan OR Irbesartan OR Losartan OR Olmesartan OR Telmisartan OR Valsartan OR TASOSARTAN OR Atacand OR Teveten OR Avapro OR Avalide OR Cozaar OR Hyzaar OR Benicar OR Micardis OR Diovan OR Kalpress OR Lorzaar OR Micardis OR Miten OR Nisis OR Pritor OR Provas OR Tareg OR Teveten OR Vals OR walsartan)


ORing in the following investigational names may be helpful. However, I had some problems with a search statement that included these (a multi-concept search that included investigational names retrieved fewer results than a search statement without these OR'd in). I haven't figured out the problem yet.


"ANA-756" OR "ANA 756" OR ANA756 OR "BIBR 277" OR "BIBR-277" OR BIBR277 OR "BMS 186295" OR BMS-186295 OR BMS186295 "CGP-48933" OR CGP48933 OR "CGP48933" OR "CS-088" OR "CS 088" OR CS088 OR "CV 11974" OR CV11974 OR "CV-11974" OR "DuP 753" OR DuP753 OR "DuP-753" OR "MK 954" OR MK954 OR "MK-954" OR "MRK 717" OR MRK717 OR MRK-717 OR "RNH 6270" OR "RNH-6270" OR RNH6270 OR "SK&F 108566" OR "SKF-108566" OR "SKF 108566" OR SKF108566 OR "SR 47436" OR "SR-47436" OR SR47436 OR WAY-ANA-756 OR "WAY ANA 756" OR WAYANA756

Monday, August 17, 2009

male -- keywords

(man OR men OR gentlemen OR gentleman OR male OR males OR husband* OR father* OR son OR sons OR grandson* OR nephew* OR step-son* OR “step son” OR “step sons” OR stepson* OR step-father* OR “step father” OR “step fathers” OR stepfather* OR father-in-law OR fathers-in-law OR “father in law” OR “fathers in law” OR monk OR monks OR widower OR widowers OR bachelor* OR uncle* OR brother* OR step-brother* OR “step brother” OR “step brothers” OR stepbrother* OR grandfather* OR grandpa* OR paternal OR paternity OR fatherhood OR inseminat* OR semen OR “seminal fluid” OR “seminal vesicle” OR “seminal vesicles” OR testic* OR testes OR testis OR scrotum OR scrotal OR prostate* OR “vas deferens” OR seminiferous OR penis OR penile OR circumcis* OR circumciz* OR orchiectom* OR vasectom*)

for male children include
boy OR boys

when searching for articles about adult males, also consider ORing in:
king OR kings OR duke* OR prince OR princes

infants -- keyword

(infant* OR baby OR babies OR NICU OR neonat* OR perinatal OR preemi* OR prematurity OR Premi OR premie OR premies OR preterm OR bairn* OR newborn* OR suckling* OR weanling*)

consider ORing in species-specific words if searching for articles focused on non-humans
consider Oring in birth and obstetric words if appropriate
e.g.
birth OR births OR deliver* OR labor OR obstetric* OR cesarean OR caesarean OR forcep* OR extract*

Rural -- MeSH

"Rural Population"[Mesh] OR "Rural Health Services"[Mesh] OR "Hospitals, Rural"[Mesh] OR "Rural Health"[Mesh] OR "Wilderness"[Mesh] OR "Wilderness Medicine"[Mesh] OR "United States Indian Health Service"[Mesh]

neuroendocrine tumors -- MeSH and keyword

("neuroendocrine adenoma" OR "neuroendocrine adenomas" OR "neuroendocrine tumor" OR "neuroendocrine tumors" OR "neuroendocrine cancer" OR "neuroendocrine cancers" OR "neuroendocrine carcinoma" OR "neuroendocrine carcinomas" OR "neuroendocrine neoplasm" OR "neuroendocrine neoplasms" OR (("Cushing's syndrome" OR "Kulchitsky cell") AND (adenoma[tiab] OR adenomas[tiab] OR tumor[tiab] OR tumors[tiab] OR cancer[tiab] OR cancers[tiab] OR carcinoma[tiab] OR carcinomas[tiab] OR neoplasm[tiab] OR neoplasms[tiab] OR neoplastic[tiab] OR malign* OR metastas* OR metastat*)) OR carcinoid*[ti] OR vipoma* OR "Verner-Morrison syndrome" OR "pancreatic cholera" OR WDHA[tiab] OR "watery diarrhea hypokalemia and achlorhydria syndrome" OR apudoma* OR gastrinoma* OR "Zollinger-Ellison syndrome" OR insulinoma*[ti] OR Glucagonoma* OR Somatostatinoma* OR GRFoma* OR ACTHoma* OR PPoma* OR "islet cell tumor"[ti] OR "islet cell tumors"[ti] OR "pancreatic endocrine tumor" OR "pancreatic endocrine tumors" OR "Merkel cell carcinoma" OR "small cell carcinoma" OR pheochromocytoma*[ti] OR neuroblastoma*[ti] OR "medullary carcinoma" OR "medullary carcinomas" OR Paraganglioma* OR ((acidophil[tiab] OR basophil[tiab] OR chromophobe[tiab] OR secrete OR secreting OR secretion OR corticotroph OR "growth hormone" OR ACTH OR prolactin OR gonadotropin* OR "follicle-stimulating hormone" OR Luteinizing OR prolactin* OR FSH OR FSH-secreting OR LH OR LH-secreting) AND pituitary[tiab] AND adenoma*[tiab]) OR "Neuroendocrine Tumors"[MeSH:NoExp] OR "Adenoma, Acidophil"[mesh] OR "Adenoma, Basophil"[mesh] OR "Adenoma, Chromophobe"[mesh] OR "Apudoma"[mesh] OR "Carcinoid Tumor"[mesh] OR "Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine"[mesh] OR "Paraganglioma"[mesh] OR (("Gonadotropins, Pituitary"[mesh] OR "Human Growth Hormone"[mesh] OR "Growth Hormone"[mesh] OR "secretion"[sh]) AND "pituitary neoplasms"[mesh]) OR "Growth Hormone-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma"[mesh] OR "Prolactinoma"[mesh] OR "Nelson Syndrome"[mesh] OR "ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma"[mesh] OR "Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome"[mesh] OR "Gastrinoma"[mesh] OR "Insulinoma"[mesh] OR "Growth Hormone-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma"[mesh] OR "Neuroblastoma"[mesh])

Tai Chi -- keywords and MeSH

("Tai Ji"[MeSH] OR "T'ai Chi" OR "Tai Chi" OR "Tai Ji" OR Taiji OR Taijiquan)

Monday, August 10, 2009

Exercise -- MeSH

("Exercise Movement Techniques"[Mesh] OR "Locomotion"[Mesh] OR "Sports"[Mesh] OR "Dancing"[Mesh] OR "Physical Fitness"[Mesh] OR "Physical Education and Training"[Mesh] OR "Exercise"[Mesh] OR "Exercise Therapy"[Mesh] OR "Motor Activity"[mesh])


Depending on the search topic, consider ORing in "Leisure Activities"[mesh]. If "Leisure Activities"[mesh] is included, the narrower headings "Sports"[mesh] and "Dancing"[mesh] can be removed.

exercise -- keywords

(athlete* OR athletic* OR "active lifestyle" OR "physical activity" OR "physical education" OR fitness OR "physically fit" OR recreation OR exercis* OR jazzercise OR aerobics OR work-out OR workout OR "working out" OR "physical conditioning" OR calisthenic* OR yoga OR "tai chi" OR karate OR judo OR gymnastic* OR acrobatic* OR tumbling OR "tae kwon do" OR taekwon-do* OR taekwondo OR "martial arts" OR activity OR walking OR fitness OR "physical education" OR sport OR sports OR baseball OR football OR basketball OR tennis OR volleyball OR badminton OR bowling OR hockey OR lacrosse OR rugby OR soccer OR track OR wrestling OR wrestler* OR wrestled OR walk OR walking OR walked OR walks OR jog OR jogging OR jogs OR jogged OR jogger* OR run OR running OR run OR runs OR ran OR runner* OR marathon* OR sprint OR sprints OR sprinting OR sprinted* OR sprinter* OR boxing OR boxer* OR climbing OR climber* OR biking OR bicycling OR bikes OR bike OR biked OR bicyclist* OR hiking OR hike OR hikes OR hiked OR hiker* OR rafting OR kayak* OR canoe* OR row OR rows OR rowed OR rowing OR rower* OR swimming OR swim OR Swam OR swims OR rower* OR "track and field" OR jumping OR jump OR jumps OR jumped OR jumper* OR trampoline OR "lift weights" OR "weight lifting" OR dance OR dances OR danced OR dancing OR dancer* OR skating OR skate OR skates OR skated OR skater*)

Monday, July 13, 2009

children (not infants) -- keyword

(child OR child's OR children OR children's OR stepchild OR stepchildren OR step-child OR step-children OR kid OR kids OR girl OR girls OR boy OR boys OR teenage* OR youth* OR youngster* OR adolescent* OR adolescence OR preschool* OR pre-school* OR kindergarten* OR "elementary school" OR "junior high" OR "middle school" OR "high school" OR high-schooler* OR elementary-school OR junior-high OR middle-school OR high-school OR juvenile* OR minors OR childhood OR pediatric* OR pediatrician* OR paediatric* OR paediatrician* OR PICU)

heart condition -- keyword

("Tetralogy of fallot" OR "trilogy of fallot" OR "Alagille syndrome" OR "Cor Triatriatum" OR coarctation OR VSD OR "ventricular septal defect" OR "ventricular septal defects" OR "Myocardial Bridging" OR ASD OR "atrial septal defect" OR "atrial septal defects" OR "transposition of the great vessels" OR "transposition of great vessels" OR "hypoplastic left ventricle" OR "hypoplastic right ventricle" OR "patent ductus" OR "Crisscross Heart" OR "Dextrocardia" OR "Kartagener Syndrome" OR "Ebstein Anomaly" OR "Ectopia Cordis" OR "Eisenmenger Complex" OR "Aortopulmonary Septal Defect" OR "Aortopulmonary Septal Defects" OR "LEOPARD Syndrome" OR Levocardia OR "Marfan Syndrome" OR "Double Outlet Right Ventricle" OR Arrhythm* OR "sick sinus syndrome" OR fibrillation OR flutter OR bradycardia OR "brugada syndrome" OR "premature ventricular contractions" OR "premature contractions" OR "atrial premature contractions" OR "Adams-Stokes Syndrome" OR "Atrioventricular Block" OR "Bundle-Branch Block" OR "Sinoatrial Block" OR "Long QT Syndrome" OR "Andersen Syndrome" OR "Jervell-Lange Nielsen Syndrome" OR "Romano-Ward Syndrome" OR Parasystole OR "Pre-Excitation Syndrome" OR "Pre-Excitation Syndromes" OR "Lown-Ganong-Levine Syndrome" OR "Mahaim-Type Pre-Excitation" OR Tachycardia OR "Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome" OR Cardiomegaly OR Cardiomyopathy OR "chagas disease" OR "chaga's disease" OR ("Glycogen Storage" AND "Type IIb") OR "Kearns-Sayer Syndrome" OR Myocarditis OR Endocarditis OR Pericarditis OR Pneumopericardium OR "Postpericardiotomy Syndrome" OR "heart attack" OR "heart attacks" OR "myocardial infarction" OR "myocardial infarctions" OR arteriosclero* OR atherosclero* OR "acute coronary syndrome" OR "acute coronary syndromes" OR acs OR ((heart OR cardiac OR coronary OR ventricular OR atrial OR ventricle* OR atrium OR atria OR myocardi* OR endocardium OR endocardial OR tricuspid OR bicuspid OR mitral OR aortic OR pulmonic OR endomyocardium OR endomyocardial OR "heart valve" OR "pulmonary valve" OR "aortic valve" OR pericardi*) AND (disease OR diseases OR diseased OR condition* OR illness* OR syndrome* OR abnormalit* OR defect* OR congenital* OR anomal* OR Arrhythm* OR dysplas* OR hypoplas* OR atresia OR atretic OR arrest OR tamponade OR hypertroph* OR fibroelastosis OR fibrosis OR Aneurysm* OR failure OR rupture* OR stenosis OR insufficiency OR regurgitation OR ischemic OR ischemia OR dysfunction OR obstruction)) )

Monday, July 6, 2009

chemokines/cytokines, chemokine receptors/cytokine receptors -- keywords, MeSH

Keywords (search strategy composed 7/01/08) :

(CCR1 OR CCR2 OR CCR3 OR CCR4 OR CCR5 OR CCR6 OR CCR7 OR CCR8 OR CCR9 OR CCR10 OR CCR11 OR CCR12 OR CCR13 OR CCR14 OR CCR15 OR CCR16 OR CCR17 OR CCR18 OR CCR19 OR CCR20 OR CCR21 OR CCR22 OR CCR23 OR CCR24 OR CCR25 OR CCR26 OR CCR27 OR CCR28 OR CCR29 OR oncostatin OR c-kit OR gp130 OR OSM-LIF OR thrombopoietin OR erythropoietin OR TNF OR CD137 OR CD27 OR CD30 OR CD40 OR CD95 OR "activation factor" OR "maturation antigen" OR TNFR OR "nuclear factor" OR Ectodysplasin OR CAML OR chemotaxis OR chemotactic OR chemokine* OR chemotaxin* OR S1P OR "sphingosine 1-phosphate" OR interleukin* OR "growth factor" OR "growth factors" OR cytokine* OR Rap1b OR interferon* OR TGF OR IL-1 OR IL-2 OR IL-3 OR IL-4 OR IL-5 OR IL-6 OR IL-7 OR IL-8 OR IL-9 OR IL-10 OR IL-11 OR IL-12 OR IL-13 OR IL-14 OR IL-15 OR IL-16 OR IL-17 OR IL-18 OR IL-19 OR IL-20 OR CCL1 OR CCL2 OR CCL3 OR CCL4 OR CCL5 OR CCL6 OR CCL7 OR CCL8 OR CCL9 OR CCL10 OR CCL11 OR CCL12 OR CCL13 OR CCL14 OR CCL15 OR CCL16 OR CCL17 OR CCL18 OR CCL19 OR CCL20 OR CCL21 OR CCL22 OR CCL23 OR CCL24 OR CCL25 OR CCL26 OR CCL27 OR CCL28 OR chemoattractant* OR CXCL1 OR CXCL2 OR CXCL3 OR CXCL4 OR CXCL5 OR CXCL6 OR CXCL7 OR CXCL8 OR CXCL9 OR CXCL10 OR CXCL11 OR CXCL12 OR CXCL13 OR CXCL14 OR CXCL15 OR CXCL16 OR CXCL17 OR CXCL18 OR CXCL19 OR CXCL20 OR “Platelet Factor 4” OR BCGF OR CSF OR “colony stimulating factor” OR “colony stimulating factors” OR “colony-stimulating factor” OR “colony-stimulating factors” OR “activating factor” OR “activating factors” OR “inhibitory factor” OR “inhibitory factors” OR lymphokine* OR lymphotoxin* OR “transfer factor” OR “transfer factors” OR Neuroleukin OR TNF OR “tumor necrosis factor” OR ox40 OR “RANK ligand” OR “fas ligand” OR Ectodysplasin* OR CD30 OR CD40 OR CD70 OR “4-1BB”)

MeSH (search strategy composed 7/01/08):

"Receptors, Lysosphingolipid"[Mesh] OR "sphingosine 1-phosphate "[Substance Name] OR "Cytokines"[Mesh] OR "Receptors, Cytokine"[Mesh] OR "Chemokines"[Mesh] OR "Receptors, Chemokine"[Mesh] OR "Interleukins"[Mesh] OR "Receptors, Interleukin"[Mesh]

reinforcing meshes used during surgery -- keyword

keyword search for articles about biologic reinforcing meshes (search strategy composed 9/5/08):
mesh AND (alloderm OR permacol OR shelhigh OR surgisis OR tutomesh OR biologic[tiab] OR acellular OR extracellular OR matrix[tiab] OR biosynthetic[tiab] OR ((intestin* AND (sub-muco* OR submuc*)) OR "dermal collagen" OR "collagen scaffold" OR collagen-based OR cadaveric[tiab] OR decellularized OR pericard*)

keyword search for articles about synthetic reinforcing meshes (search strategy composed 9/5/08):
mesh AND (synthetic OR polyethylene terephthalate OR polytetrafluoroethylene OR ptfe OR eptfe OR polypropylene OR poly-lactic-co-glycolic OR plga OR pvdf OR polyurethane OR polyvinylfluorid OR polyvinylfluoride OR polyester OR prolene OR poliglecaprone OR polyglecaprone OR polyglactin OR polyvinylidene OR polydioxanone OR titanium OR titanized OR vicryl OR monocryl OR composix OR dacron OR dualmesh OR dynamesh OR gore-tex OR goretex OR marlex OR mersilene OR parietex OR plastex OR PL-PU99 OR proceed OR prolene OR prolite OR sepramesh OR surgipro OR timesh OR ultrapro OR vypro)

injectable glucocorticoids

keywords:
(corticosteroid* OR Glucocorticosteroid* OR Betamethasone OR Budesonide OR Cortisone OR Dexamethasone OR Dexamethasone OR Dexamethasone OR fludrocortisone OR flunisolide OR fluticasone OR Hydrocortisone OR Methylprednisolone OR Methyl-prednisolone OR mometasone OR Paramethasone OR Prednisolone OR Prednisone OR Rimexolone OR Triamcinolone)

MeSH:
("Glucocorticoids "[Pharmacological Action] OR "Glucocorticoids"[Mesh] OR "Adrenal Cortex Hormones"[Mesh] OR "Steroids"[Mesh] OR "flunisolide "[Substance Name] OR "fluticasone "[Substance Name] OR "mometasone furoate "[Substance Name] OR "rimexolone "[Substance Name])

antibacterial antibiotic therapy -- keyword, MeSH

MeSH
("Tetracyclines"[Mesh] OR "Macrolides"[Mesh] OR "beta-Lactams"[Mesh] OR "Aminoglycosides"[Mesh] OR "Chloramphenicol"[Mesh] OR "Quinolines"[Mesh] OR "Sulfonamides"[Mesh] OR "Rifamycins"[Mesh] OR "Bacitracin"[Mesh] OR "Lipopeptides"[Mesh] OR "Vancomycin"[Mesh] OR "Lincomycin"[Mesh] OR "linezolid "[Substance Name] OR "Polymyxins"[Mesh] OR "dalfopristin "[Substance Name] OR "quinupristin-dalfopristin "[Substance Name] OR "Streptogramins"[Mesh] OR "Anti-Bacterial Agents"[Mesh] OR "Anti-Bacterial Agents"[Pharmacological Action])

keyword:
(bacteriostatic* OR bacteriotoxic* OR bacteriolytic* OR antibacterial* OR anti-bacterial* OR antibiotic* OR anti-biotic* OR antimicrob* OR anti-microb* OR anti-infective* OR Aminoglycoside* OR Amikacin* OR Gentamicin* OR Kanamycin* OR Neomycin* OR Streptomycin* OR Tobramycin* OR Cephalosporin* OR Cefadroxil* OR Cefazolin* OR Cephalexin* OR Cefaclor OR Cefprozil OR Cefuroxime OR Cefdinir OR Cefditoren OR Cefixime OR Cefotaxime* OR Cefpodoxime* OR Ceftazidime* OR Ceftibuten* OR Ceftizoxime* OR Ceftriaxone* OR Cefepime* OR Carbapenem* OR Doripenem* OR Ertapenem* OR Imipenem* OR Cilastatin* OR Meropenem*  OR Cephamycin* OR Cefotetan* OR Cefoxitin* OR Monobactam* OR Aztreonam OR Chloramphenicol OR Chloramphenicol OR Macrolide* OR Erythromycin* OR Ketolide* OR Telithromycin* OR Azithromycin* OR Clarithromycin* OR Penicillin* OR Aminopenicillin* OR Amoxicillin* OR Augmentin* OR Dicloxacillin* OR Nafcillin* OR Oxacillin* OR Carbenicillin* OR Piperacillin* OR Tazobactam* OR Ticarcillin* OR Quinolone* OR Ciprofloxacin OR Gemifloxacin OR Levofloxacin OR Moxifloxacin OR Norfloxacin OR Ofloxacin* OR Sulfonamide* OR Co-trimoxazole* OR Sulfadiazine* OR Sulfasalazine* OR bactrim* OR Tetracycline* OR Demeclocycline* OR Doxycycline* OR Minocycline* OR Tetracycline* OR Glycylcycline* OR Tigecycline OR Aminocyclitol* OR Spectinomycin OR Bacitracin* OR Lipopeptide* OR Daptomycin* OR Glycopeptide* OR Vancomycin* OR Lincomycin* OR Clindamycin* OR Lincomycin* OR Oxazolidinone* OR Linezolid* OR Polymyxin* OR Colistimethate* OR Polymyxin* OR Rifamycin* OR Rifaximin* OR Streptogramin* OR Quinupristin* OR Dalfopristin*)

meat packers and slaughterhouse workers -- keyword, mesh

keywords
(meat-pack* OR meatpack* OR "meat packing" OR "meat packer" OR "meat packers" OR slaughterhouse* OR abbatoir* OR abatoir* OR abbattoir* OR abattoir*)

Consider ORing in "poultry processing" and other similar terms.

MeSH:
("Abattoirs "[mesh] OR "Meat-Packing Industry"[Mesh] )

Friday, July 3, 2009

polycystic ovarian disease -- keyword, MeSH

("Polycystic Ovary Syndrome"[Mesh] OR PCOS OR PCO OR "polycystic ovarian" OR "polycystic ovary" OR "polycystic ovaries" OR "sclerocystic ovarian" OR "sclerocystic ovary" OR "sclerocystic ovaries" OR "stein leventhal" OR stein-leventhal)

obesity drug therapy -- MeSH

This search strategy works reasonably well when AND'd to a search for a specific drug or drug class. The "body weight changes"[mesh] term can usually be safely omitted.

("Obesity/drug therapy"[Mesh] OR "Body Weight Changes"[mesh] OR "overweight/drug therapy"[mesh] OR "anti-obesity agents"[mesh])

severe mental illness -- keyword

(psychotic OR psychosis OR psychoses OR schizophren* OR bipolar OR manic-depressive OR "manic depressive" OR suicid* OR manic OR mania OR schizoaffective OR ((mental OR depression OR depressive OR Obsessive-compulsive OR "Obsessive compulsive" OR OCD OR agoraphob* OR panic OR phobia OR phobic OR melanchol* OR neurosis OR neurotic OR neuroses OR "conversion disorder" OR "conversion disorders") AND (severe OR intractable OR prolonged OR treatment-resistant OR "treatment-resistant" OR refractory OR chronic)))

pain -- keyword

Not all the terms included in the strategy below are appropriate for all searches:


(pain OR painful OR pains OR Pained OR Paining OR pain-free OR analges* OR ache OR aches OR aching OR ached OR Suffer* OR Sore OR Soreness OR Affliction* OR Agony OR Agonies OR Agonizing OR Agonising OR Discomfort* OR Hurt* OR Twing* OR Irritat* OR neuralg* OR neuropath* OR fibromyalg* OR headach* OR migrain* OR paresthes* OR dysesthes* OR allodyni* OR hyperalgesi* OR algesi*)

sumatriptan -- combination keyword, MeSH

("Sumatriptan"[Mesh] OR sumatriptan OR Imitrex OR GR43175 OR "GR 43175" OR GR-43175 OR Imigran OR Finigraine OR Imigran OR Imigrane OR Imitrex OR Migraneitor OR Rosemig OR Somatran OR Sumigra OR Sumitrex OR Sutriptan)

TCAs SSRIs class search - combination keyword, MeSH

(Amitriptyline OR Elavil OR Amitid OR Endep OR Amitril OR Clomipramine OR Anafranil OR Desipramine OR Norpramin OR Pertofrane OR Dibenzepin OR Doxepin OR Adapin OR Sinequan OR Dothiepin OR Imipramine OR Tofranil OR Presamine OR SK-Pramine OR Janimine OR Lofepramine OR Nortriptyline OR Aventyl OR Pamelor OR Protriptyline OR Vivactil OR Trimipramine OR Surmontil OR tricylic OR tricyclics OR TCA OR TCAS OR escitalopram OR lexapro OR Citalopram OR celexa OR Fluoxetine OR prozac OR sarafem OR Fluvoxamine OR Paroxetine OR paxil OR Pexeva OR Sertraline OR zoloft OR "serotonin reuptake inhibitor" OR "serotonin reuptake inhibitors" OR "serotonin-reuptake inhibitor" OR "serotonin-reuptake inhibitors" OR "serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor" OR "serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors" OR SSRI OR SSRIs OR "Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors"[Mesh] OR "Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors "[Pharmacological Action] OR "Antidepressive Agents, Tricyclic"[Mesh] OR "Antidepressive Agents, Tricyclic "[Pharmacological Action] OR "Amitriptyline"[Mesh] OR "Clomipramine"[Mesh] OR "Desipramine"[Mesh] OR "dibenzepin "[Substance Name] OR "Doxepin"[Mesh] OR "Dothiepin"[Mesh] OR "Imipramine"[Mesh] OR "Lofepramine"[Mesh] OR "Nortriptyline"[Mesh] OR "Protriptyline"[Mesh] OR "Trimipramine"[Mesh] OR "Citalopram"[Mesh] OR "Fluoxetine"[Mesh] OR "Fluvoxamine"[Mesh] OR "Paroxetine"[Mesh] OR "Sertraline"[Mesh])

luteine -- keyword

(Luteine OR Kesselringine OR lutein OR trans-Lutein OR all-trans-Xanthophyll OR all-trans-Lutein OR Xanthophyll OR luteol OR "oro glo 7" OR "OS 24" OR floraglo OR "e 161" OR "e 161b" OR bo-xan OR "Lutein"[Mesh])

metformin -- combination keyword MeSH

(metformin OR dimethylguanylguanidine OR dimethylbiguanidine OR glucophage OR Adimet OR Ammiformin OR Anglucid OR apo-metformin OR Apophage OR Bagomet OR Baligluc OR Benofomin OR Betaglim OR Bigomet OR Biocos OR Clonarol OR CP-Metform OR Dabex OR DBI OR Debeone OR Deson OR Desugar OR Devian OR Dextin OR Diabamyl OR Diabemet OR Diaberit OR Diabesin OR Diabetase OR Diabetex OR Diabetmin OR Diabetmin OR Diabetosan OR Diabex OR OR Diafat OR Diaformin OR Diaforte OR Diaglip OR Diaglitab OR Dialon OR Diamet OR Diamin OR Dianben OR Dianorm OR,Diaphage OR Diazen OR Diformin OR Dimefor OR Dinamel OR Diofen OR Eddia OR Emfor OR Emnorm OR Eraphage OR espa-formin OR Euform OR Exermet OR Ficonax OR Finormet OR Fintaxim OR Forbetes OR Forlucyl OR Formell OR Formet OR Formin OR Formyn OR Fornidd OR Fortamet OR Glafornil OR Glafornil OR Glicefor OR Glicenex OR Gliclamet OR Glidanil OR Glifor OR Gliformin OR Gliformin OR Glifortex OR Glimiprex OR Glimulin-MF OR Glinil M OR Glipizide OR Glizid-M OR Glucamet OR Glucaminol OR Glucare OR Gluco OR Glucobon OR Glucofage OR Glucofor OR Glucoform OR Glucoformin OR Glucofree OR Glucogood OR Glucohexal OR Glucoles-500 OR Glucolyte OR Glucomed OR,Glucomerck OR Glucomet OR Glucomin OR Glucono OR Gluconormine OR Glucophage OR Glucotika OR Gludepatic OR Gludex OR Glufor OR Gluformin OR Glukofen OR Glumeff OR Glumet OR Glumetsan OR Glumetza OR Glumetza OR Glumin OR Glunovag OR Glustress OR Glutabloc OR Gluzolyte OR Glycigon-M OR Glycinorm OR Glyciphage OR Glycomet OR Glycon OR Glycoran OR Glyformin OR Glygard OR Glymax OR Glyree OR Gradiab OR Guame OR Horsulin OR Humamet OR Ifor OR Insogen Insumet OR Insunex OR Isloglib OR Islotin OR Juformin OR Langerin OR Macromin OR Maformin OR Mectin OR Mediabet OR Medobis OR ME-F OR Meforal OR Meformed OR Meglubet OR Meglucon OR Mekoll OR Melbexa OR Melbin OR Merckformin OR Mescorit OR Met OR Metaglez OR Metbay OR Metfin OR Metfirex OR Metfogamma OR Metfonorm OR Metfor OR Metforal OR Metfordin OR Metforem OR Metfori OR Metforil OR Metform OR Metformax OR Metformed OR Metfron OR Methormyl OR Metifor OR Metiguanide OR Metlong OR Metomin OR Metphar OR Metrivin OR Metsol OR MetSurrir OR Miformin OR Neoform OR Nidcor OR Niformina OR Novomet OR novo-metformin OR Orabet OR Oramet OR P-Glitz M OR Pharmafet OR Piomed OR Piosafe OR Pocophage OR Poli-Formin OR Prophage OR Redugluc OR Reglus OR Riomet OR Risidon OR Roglin-M OR Rosicon OR Serformin OR Siamformet OR Siofor OR Stadamet OR Sucranorm OR Sukontrol OR Teutoformin OR Thiabet OR Tudiab OR Vimetrol OR Walaphage OR X-Met OR Zumamet OR "Metformin"[Mesh] )

topiramate -- combination keyword, substance name

(topiramate OR topamax OR McN-4853 OR "McN 4853" OR epitomax OR Bipomax OR Symtopiram OR Topamac OR Topiragis OR Topitex OR Toprel OR Toptrix OR "topiramate "[Substance Name])

mifepristone/RU-486 -- combination keyword, MeSH

(mifepristone OR mifeprex OR ZK98296 OR ZK-98296 OR "ZK 98296" OR R38486 OR R-38486 OR "R 38486" OR RU38486 OR RU-38486 OR "RU 38486" OR RU486 OR RU-486 OR "RU 486" OR Mifegyne OR Mifegest OR "MT Pill" OR Pencroftonum OR "Mifepristone"[mesh] )

rosiglitazone -- keyword

(rosiglitazone OR avandia OR rossini OR tiltab OR BRL49653 OR BRL-49653 OR "BRL 49653" OR "thiazolidinedione-2-buenedioate")

mupirocin -- combination keyword, MeSH

(Mupirocin* OR BRL-4910A OR BRL4910A OR "Pseudomonic Acid" OR Mupirosiini* OR Bacidal OR Bacrocin OR Bacskin OR Bactex OR Bactifree OR Bactocin OR Bactoderm OR Bactokil OR Bactroban OR Bactrocin* OR Bactroneo OR Celefer OR Centany OR Dimsa OR Eismycin OR Foskina* OR Hevronaz OR InfectoPyoderm OR Micoban OR Mupax OR Mupider* OR Mupiran OR Mupirox OR Mupiskin OR Muporin OR Muprin OR Paldar OR Pibaksin OR Plasimine OR Sinpebac OR Supirocin* OR Dermucor* OR Ultrabiotic OR Underan OR Veltion OR Vidox OR BRL-4910F OR BRL4910F OR “BRL 4910F” OR bactrobandos OR bantix OR mupax OR Turixin OR "Mupirocin"[Mesh] )




The following multi-word, quoted phrases were not recognized by PubMed and caused retrieval of irrelevant results and were therefore removed from the search strategy.

“BRL 4910F”

"BRL 4910A"

ezetimibe/zetia -- keyword

("ezetimibe "[Substance Name] OR ezetimibe OR zetia OR Ezetrol OR ezetimib OR "SCH 58235" OR SCH-58235 OR SCH58235)

duloxetine/cymbalta -- keyword

(duloxetine OR cymbalta OR ly227942 OR ly-227942 OR "ly 227942" OR LY248686 OR "LY 248686" OR LY-248686 OR Ariclaim OR Delok OR Duxetin OR Xeristar OR Yentreve)

Vitamin E

(Vitamin E OR tocopherol* OR alpha-tocopherol* OR beta-tocopherol* OR gamma-tocopherol* OR tocotrienol* )

echinacea -- combination keyword, MeSH

("Echinacea"[Mesh] OR echinacea OR rubdeckia OR coneflower OR ubiquinone OR echinacoside OR inulin OR sesquiterpenes)

cyclosporin -- combination keyword, mesh

("Cyclosporins"[Mesh] OR cyclosporin OR cyclosporin* OR ciclosporin* OR neoral* OR sandimmun* OR restasis OR cya-nof OR "cya nof" OR csa-neoral OR csaneoral OR "ol 27-400" OR "ol 27 400" OR "OL 27400" OR Cermox OR Ciclohexal OR Cicloral OR Cicloralhexal OR Ciclosol OR Ciclostar OR Colosina OR Consupren OR Cysporin OR Deximune OR Equoral OR Gengraf OR Immulem OR Immunosporin OR Imusporin OR Modusik-A OR Neoimmun OR "Panimun Bioral" OR Papilock OR Restasis OR Sanda OR Sandimmun* OR Sangcya OR Sigmasporin OR Supremunn OR Zinograf)

weight loss -- keyword

This "weight loss" search strategy was designed for use as a component of a search for records dealing with a specific intervention's effectiveness in inducing weight loss. If the intervention concept is not added, this search will not be focused on weight loss.

(obes* OR overweight OR BMI OR "body mass index" OR adipos* OR ((weight OR weights OR weigh OR weighs OR weighing OR weighed OR pound OR pounds OR kilogram OR kilograms OR kg OR kgs OR lb OR lbs OR inch OR inches) AND (reduce OR reduces OR reducing OR reduced OR reduction OR decreas* OR loss OR lose OR lost OR loses OR losing)))

chronic disease -- mostly keyword

I'm often confronted by requests for articles about some aspect of the treatment of patients with "chronic diseases." As you probably know "Chronic Disease"[mesh] is not alway used to index articles discussing a specific chronic disease. For this reason, I've had to come up with alternate ways of searching for the chronic disease concept. The search statement I created is so long that PubMed has trouble with it. I've found that I have to divide it in half and OR together the results of the two halves. Here are the two halves:

1st half:

("Chronic Disease"[mesh] OR "chronic disease" OR "chronic diseases" OR Lupus OR arthritis OR osteoarthritis OR polymyositis OR scleroderma OR kawasaki*[tiab] OR arteritis OR vasculitis OR vasculitid* OR addison*[tiab] OR "antiphospholipid syndrome" OR felty*[tiab] OR sjogren*[tiab] OR spondylitis OR "Still's Disease" OR "multiple sclerosis" OR myasthen* OR leukoencephalitis OR "guillain barre" OR diabetes OR diabetic OR diabetics OR prediabet* OR pre-diabet* OR familial OR "grave's ophthalmopathy" OR "graves opthalmopathy" OR "grave's disease" OR "graves disease" OR "reiter syndrome" OR "reiter's syndrome" OR "reiters syndrome" OR thyroiditis OR "immune complex disease" OR "immune complex diseases" OR hypersensitivity OR allergy OR allergies OR asthma OR "Wissler's syndrome" OR agammaglobulinemia OR ataxia OR immunodeficiency OR "IgA deficiency" OR "IGg deficiency" OR "Igm deficiency" OR "digeorge syndrome" OR dysgammaglobulinemia OR HIV OR AIDS OR "Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome" OR "Wiskott-aldrich" OR hypergammaglobulinemia OR lymphoproliferative OR paraproteinemia* OR purpura OR "Angioneurotic Edema" OR "heart disease" OR "heart failure" OR "arteriovenous malformations" OR malformation* OR congenital OR familial OR "pulmonary atresia" OR "scimitar syndrome" OR carcinoid OR cardiomyopath* OR aneurysm OR "cardiac arrest" OR "heart arrest" OR ischemia OR ischemic OR malformation* OR stroke OR "cerebrovascular accidents" OR "cerebrovascular accidents" OR telangiectasi* OR insufficiency OR Cholelithiasis OR choledocholithiasis OR hirschsprung* OR atresia OR Crohn's OR Crohns OR "ulcerative colitis" OR ulcer OR "Zollinger-ellison" OR "zollinger ellison" OR "barrett's esophagus" OR "barretts esophagus" OR "fatty liver" OR cholestasis OR hyperplasia OR "veno-occlusive" OR hepatitis OR hepatolenticular OR "portal hypertension" OR ascites OR cirrhosis OR (alcoholic AND liver) OR porphyria* OR zellweger[tiab] OR "cystic fibrosis" OR "sick building syndrome" OR "multiple chemical sensitivity" OR "bird fancier's lung" OR "persian gulf syndrome" OR pneumoconiosis OR asbestosis OR berylliosis OR byssinosis OR "Caplan's syndrome" OR "caplans syndrome" OR siderosis OR silicosis OR anthracosilicosis OR silicotuberculosis OR hypothyroid* OR hyperthyroid* OR dwarf* OR "laron syndrome" OR hypogonad* OR "kallmann syndrome" OR Klinefelter* OR "sexual infantilism" OR "polycystic ovary" OR "polycystic ovarian" OR "ovarian failure" OR "ovarian hyperstimulation" OR "meigs syndrome" OR thecoma OR dysgenesis OR "turner syndrome" OR hermaphrodit* OR cryptorchid* OR hyperparathyroid* OR hypoparathyroid* OR "diGeorge syndrome" OR "renal osteodystrophy" OR hyperpituit* OR hypopituita* OR "inappropriate ADH" OR polyendocrinopath* OR "euthyroid sick" OR goiter* OR "fanconi syndrome" OR hepatorenal OR hydronephro* OR nephrocalcinosis OR nephrolithiasis OR nephrosclerosis OR osteodystrophy OR Wegner*[tiab] OR hyperplas* OR hypoplas* OR pseudolymphoma* OR "WAGR Syndrome" OR osteoporo* OR "osteitis deformans" OR osteoarthr* OR osteochond* OR spondylosis OR spondylarthrit* OR "spinal stenosis" OR osteophytosis OR "Scheuermann's Disease" OR scoliosis OR scoliotic OR spondylolisthesis OR chondromalacia OR osteochondritis OR polychondritis OR "tietze's syndrome" OR "plantar fasciitis" OR valgus OR varus OR deformit* OR granuloma* OR arthrogryposis OR arthropath* OR bursitis OR chondromatosis OR contracture* OR limitus OR rigidus OR "nail-patella syndrome" OR osteoarthropath* OR patellofemoral OR "temporomandibular joint disorder" OR "temporomandibular joint syndrome" OR "temporomandibular joint dysfunction" OR synoviti* OR "eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome" OR "chronic fatigue syndrome" OR fibromyalgia OR "isaac's syndrome" OR "isaacs syndrome" OR myopath* OR rigidit* OR spastic* OR "myofascial pain syndromes" OR "myofascial pain syndrome" OR myopath* OR myotonic OR dystroph* OR paralysis OR paralyses OR polymyalgia OR "Klippel-Feil Syndrome" OR rheumatic OR hyperostosis )

2nd half:

(Demyelinat* OR "lambert-eaton" OR "lambert eaton" OR leukoencephal* OR polyradiculo* OR "reflex sympathetic" OR "complex regional pain" OR dysautonom* OR "shy-drager" OR horner*[tiab] OR huntington*[tiab] OR meige*[tiab] OR "multiple system atrophy" OR parkinson*[tiab] OR "supranuclear palsy" OR dystonia OR dystonic OR tourette*[tiab] OR "cerebral palsy" OR "persistent vegetative" OR inborn OR encephalopath* OR kernicterus OR encephalomyopath* OT myelinolysis OR "reye syndrome" OR "reye's syndrome" OR (diffuse AND axonal) OR epilepsy OR epileptic OR "dandy-walker" OR "dandy walker" OR "miller fisher" OR "miller-fisher" OR paraneoplastic OR spinocerebellar or atherosclero* OR arteriosclero* OR dementia OR leukomalacia OR "sneddon syndrome" OR "sneddon's syndrome" OR alzheimer* OR aphasia OR "creutzfeldt-jakob" OR "creutzfeldt Jakob" OR "mad cow" OR "kluver-bucy" OR "kluver bucy" OR "lewy body" OR "pick disease" OR sclerosis OR encephalomyeliti* OR encephaliti* OR meningoencephaliti* OR encephalomalacia* OR leukomalacia* OR "landau kleffner" OR "landau kleffner" OR "bardet-biedl" OR "bardet biedl" OR "laurence-moon" OR "laurence moon" OR hypersecretion OR acromegal* OR hyperpituit* OR hypopituit* OR "inappropriate ADH" OR prolactinoma* OR hydrocephal* OR encephalopath* OR pseudotumor OR hallervorden-spatz OR angelman*[tiab] OR chorea* OR torticollis OR dysphoni* hepatolenticular OR "olivopontocerebellar atrophy" OR "olivopontocerebellar atrophies" OR "Striatonigral Degeneration" OR "supranuclear palsy" OR "supranuclear palsies" OR "amyotrophic lateral sclerosis" OR "lou gehrig's disease" OR "transverse myelitis" OR poliomyelitis OR paraparesis OR dyssynergia OR stiff-person OR "stiff person" OR "subacute combined degeneration" OR syringomyelia OR "tabes dorsalis" OR "multiple sclerosis" OR myelinolysis OR "neural tube defect" OR "neural tube defects" OR "spina bifida" OR meningomyelocele* OR encephalocele* OR meningocele* OR dysraphism* OR anencephal* OR Holoprosencephal* OR "Arnold-chiari" OR "arnold chiari" OR dysplas* OR "hippel-lindau" OR "hippel lindau" OR neurofibromatos* OR "sturge-weber" OR "sturge weber" OR "tuberous sclerosis" OR "motor neuron disease" OR "motor neuron diseases" OR "multiple system atrophy" OR postpolio* OR palsy OR "Opsoclonus-Myoclonus Syndrome" OR kuru OR scrapie OR "Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker Disease" OR "chronic wasting disease" OR dyskinesia* OR dermatomyositis OR polymyositis OR "myositis ossificans" OR "Myotonia Congenita" OR polymyalgia OR "Glycogen Storage Disease" OR "Glycogen Storage Diseases" OR amyloidosis OR amyloid OR Causalgia* OR "Miller Fisher" OR "miller-fisher" OR neuropath* OR sciatica OR neuritis OR "Tangier Disease" OR dyssomnia* OR parasomnia* OR "sleep disorders" OR "sleep disorder" OR "restless legs" OR dysreflexia* OR "Adie Syndrome" OR "Diffuse Cerebral Sclerosis" OR "Hippel-Lindau Disease" OR "Tuberous Sclerosis" OR "Alexander Disease" OR "canavan disease" OR "cockayne syndrome" OR hereditary OR "lafora disease" OR "lesch-nyhan" OR "lesch nyhan" OR "menkes kinky hair" OR myotonia OR "ceroid-lipofuscinosis" OR "ceroid lipofuscinosis" OR "unverricht-lundborg" OR "unverricht lundborg" OR akathisia* OR dyskinesia* OR "Kartagener Syndrome" OR tinnitus OR "herpes zoster" OR insufficiency OR "persistent fetal circulation" OR "pulmonary fibrosis" OR "radiation pneumonitis" OR sarcoidosis OR "wegner granulomatosis" OR "chronic obstructive pulmonary" OR emphysema OR "pulmonary eosinophilia" OR "veno-occlusive disease" OR "scimitar syndrome" OR "silo filler's" OR fibromatosis )

underserved -- keyword

This search strategy includes terms for underinsured, uninsured, homeless, etc. as well as terms for the typically underserved minority groups in North America.

((American[tiab] OR "north american"[tiab] OR canada*[tiab] OR "united states"[tiab] OR mexic*[tiab]) AND (Indian[tiab] OR Indians[tiab] OR aborigin* OR "first nation" OR "first nations" OR indigenous OR tribe OR tribal)) OR (ABENAKI[tiab] OR pima*[tiab] OR navajo*[tiab] OR inuit*[tiab] OR cherokee*[tiab] OR shawnee*[tiab] OR lakota[tiab] OR ((ute[tiab] OR utes[tiab] OR biloxi[tiab] OR blackfoot*[tiab] OR apache*[tiab] OR cheyenne[tiab] OR spokane[tiab] OR TUSCARORA[tiab] OR "warm springs"[tiab] OR tunica[tiab] OR dakota[tiab] OR sac[tiab] OR fox[tiab] OR creek*[tiab] OR deleware*[tiab] OR iowa*[tiab] OR miami*[tiab] OR mission*[tiab] OR sioux[tiab] OR omaha[tiab]) AND (Indian[tiab] OR Indians[tiab] OR aborigin* OR "first nation" OR "first nations" OR indigenous OR tribe OR tribal)) OR Coushatta[tiab] OR tlingit*[tiab] OR arapaho*[tiab] OR Assiniboine[tiab] OR BEOTHUK[tiab] OR blackfeet[tiab] OR blackfoot[tiab] OR cabazon*[tiab] OR CADDO*[tiab] OR CHICKASAW[tiab] OR CHIPPEWA[tiab] OR CHITIMACHA*[tiab] OR CHOCTAW*[tiab] OR COCOPAH*[tiab] OR "COEUR D'ALENE"[tiab] OR COMANCHE*[tiab] OR Muscogee*[tiab] OR duwamish[tiab] OR elwha*[tiab] OR flathead*[tiab] OR GOSHUTE*[tiab] OR HO-CHUNK*[tiab] OR hopi[tiab] OR hopis[tiab] OR hoopa*[tiab] OR S'KLALLAM[tiab] OR JATIBONICU[tiab] OR JUMANO*[tiab] OR kalapuya*[tiab] OR kiowa*[tiab] OR KOOTENAI*[tiab] OR lemhi*[tiab] OR shoshone*[tiab] OR makah*[tiab] OR pequot*[tiab] OR MECHOOPDA*[tiab] OR metis[tiab] OR menominee*[tiab] OR MICCOSUKEE*[tiab] OR mi'kmaq[tiab] OR mohegan*[tiab] OR MUSCOGEE*[tiab] OR navajo*[tiab] OR "nez perce"[tiab] OR "nez pierce"[tiab] OR oneida*[tiab] OR osage*[tiab] OR passamaquoddy[tiab] OR pawnee*[tiab] OR "pend d'oreille"[tiab] OR pomo[tiab] OR pomos[tiab] OR POTAWATOMI*[tiab] OR pueblo*[tiab] OR QUINAULT*[tiab] OR salish[tiab] OR saponi[tiab] OR saponis[tiab] OR SEMINOLE*[tiab] OR shawnee*[tiab] OR shoshone*[tiab] OR siletz[tiab] OR nakota[tiab] OR S'KLALLAM[tiab] OR suquamish[tiab] OR taino*[tiab] OR tohono[tiab] OR o'odham[tiab] OR tunica-biloxi[tiab] OR tunicas[tiab] OR umatilla*[tiab] OR umpqua*[tiab] OR waccamaw*[tiab] OR wampanoag*[tiab] OR washoe*[tiab] OR wiyot*[tiab] OR yakama*[tiab] OR (alaskan AND native*) OR underserved OR minority OR minorities OR homeless* OR impaired OR uninsured OR underinsured OR african* OR black OR blacks OR "native american" OR "native americans" OR gypsy OR gypsies OR hispanic OR hispanics OR latino OR latinos OR latina OR latinas OR chicano OR chicanos OR "mexican american" OR "mexican americans" OR mexican-american* OR "puerto rican" OR "puerto ricans" OR jamaican OR jamaicans OR immigrant OR immigrants OR refugee OR refugees OR transients OR migrant OR migrants)

neuroendocrine tumors -- combination keyword, MeSH

The [ti] tag has been used with some terms. You may find the [tiab] tag more appropriate for your search.

(("neuroendocrine adenoma" OR "neuroendocrine tumor" OR "neuroendocrine tumors" OR "neuroendocrine cancer" OR "neuroendocrine cancers" OR "neuroendocrine carcinoma" OR "neuroendocrine carcinomas" OR "neuroendocrine neoplasm" OR "neuroendocrine neoplasms") OR (("Cushing's syndrome" OR "Kulchitsky cell") AND (adenoma[tiab] OR adenomas[tiab] OR tumor[tiab] OR tumors[tiab] OR cancer[tiab] OR cancers[tiab] OR carcinoma[tiab] OR carcinomas[tiab] OR neoplasm[tiab] OR neoplasms[tiab] OR neoplastic[tiab] OR malign* OR metastatic OR metastasis OR metastases)) OR carcinoid*[ti] OR vipoma* OR "Verner-Morrison syndrome" OR "pancreatic cholera" OR WDHA[tiab] OR "watery diarrhea hypokalemia and achlorhydria syndrome" OR apudoma* OR gastrinoma* OR "Zollinger-Ellison syndrome" OR insulinoma*[ti] OR Glucagonoma* OR Somatostatinoma* OR GRFoma* OR ACTHoma* OR PPoma* OR "islet cell tumor"[ti] OR "islet cell tumors"[ti] OR "pancreatic endocrine tumor" OR "pancreatic endocrine tumors" OR "Merkel cell carcinoma" OR "small cell carcinoma" OR pheochromocytoma*[ti] OR neuroblastoma*[ti] OR "medullary carcinoma" OR "medullary carcinomas" OR Paraganglioma* OR ((acidophil[tiab] OR basophil[tiab] OR chromophobe[tiab] OR secrete OR secreting OR secretion OR corticotroph OR "growth hormone" OR ACTH OR prolactin OR gonadotropin* OR "follicle-stimulating hormone" OR Luteinizing OR prolactin* OR FSH OR FSH-secreting OR LH OR LH-secreting) AND pituitary[tiab] AND adenoma*[tiab])) OR (("Neuroendocrine Tumors"[MeSH:NoExp] OR "Adenoma, Acidophil"[mesh] OR "Adenoma, Basophil"[mesh] OR "Adenoma, Chromophobe"[mesh] OR "Apudoma"[mesh] OR "Carcinoid Tumor"[mesh] OR "Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine"[mesh] OR "Paraganglioma"[mesh] OR (("Gonadotropins, Pituitary"[mesh] OR "Human Growth Hormone"[mesh] OR "Growth Hormone"[mesh] OR "secretion"[sh]) AND "pituitary neoplasms"[mesh]) OR "Growth Hormone-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma"[mesh] OR "Prolactinoma"[mesh] OR "Nelson Syndrome"[mesh] OR "ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma"[mesh] OR "Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome"[mesh] OR "Gastrinoma"[mesh] OR "Insulinoma"[mesh] OR "Growth Hormone-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma"[mesh] OR "Neuroblastoma"[mesh]))

preparation of a drug for ng tube or feeding tube administration -- combined keyword, MeSH

This search strategy only deals with the preparation for feeding tube administration concepts; not the drug concept.

(extemporaneous OR nasogastric OR  orogastric OR intraduodenal  OR intragastric OR "ng tube" OR "ng tubes" OR "ng-tube" OR "ng-tubes" OR "jejunal tube" OR "jejunal tubes" OR "jejunostomy tube" OR "jejunostomy-tube" OR "jejunostomy tubes" OR "jejunostomy-tubes" OR "PEJ tube" OR "pej-tube" OR "pej tubes" OR "pej-tubes" OR "tube feeding" OR "feeding tube" OR "feeding tubes" OR "feeding-tube" OR "feeding-tubes" OR "gastric tube" OR "gastric tubes" OR "gastric-tube" OR "gastric-tubes" OR "j-tube" OR "j-tubes" OR "j tube" OR "j tubes" OR "g tube" OR "g tubes" OR "g-tube" OR "g-tubes" OR "peg tube" OR "peg tubes" OR "peg-tube" OR "peg-tubes" OR "percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy" OR "mushroom tube"[tiab] OR "mushroom-tube"[tiab] OR "mushroom tubes"[tiab] OR "mushroom-tubes"[tiab] OR "Malecot tube" OR "malecot-tube" OR "malecot tubes" OR "malecot-tubes"  OR "stomach tube"   OR "stomach tubes" OR  gavage OR "enteral nutrition"[mesh] OR ((extemporaneous OR crush* OR pulveriz* OR pulveris* OR vortex*) AND ("administration and dosage"[sh] OR "suspensions"[mesh] OR "drug stability"[mesh] OR "drug storage"[mesh] OR "solubility"[mesh] OR "pharmaceutical preparations"[mesh:noexp] OR "solutions"[mesh:noexp] OR "emulsions"[mesh] OR "drug administration routes"[mesh] OR "drug compounding"[mesh])))

females -- keyword

You may want to OR pregnancy/breastfeeding terms into the following search strategy:

(women OR woman OR gentlewoman OR gentlewomen OR female OR females OR lady OR ladies OR wife OR wives OR mistress* OR mother OR mothers OR daughter OR daughters OR granddaughter* OR niece OR nieces OR step-daughter* OR "step daughter" OR "step daughters" OR daughter-in-law* OR "daughters-in-law" OR "daughter in law" OR "daughters in law" OR step-mother* OR "step mother" OR "step mothers" OR stepmother* OR mother-in-law* OR "mother in law" OR "mothers in law" OR nun OR nuns OR dowager OR widow OR widows OR spinster* OR "old maid" OR "old maids" OR aunt OR aunts OR sister OR sisters OR step-sister* OR stepsister* OR "step sister" OR "step sisters" OR grandma OR grandmas OR grandmother* OR maternal OR maternity OR motherhood OR chicana* OR latina* OR pregnan* OR trimester* OR impregnated  OR  prenatal OR perinatal OR partum OR post-partum OR gravid* OR Multigravid* OR nulligravid* OR primigravid* OR multipar* OR primipar* OR parity OR parous OR obstetric* OR gynecol* OR gynaecol* OR ovary OR ovarian OR ovaries OR fallopian OR uterus OR uteri OR uterine OR breast OR breasts OR mammary OR menstrual OR menstruation OR hysterectom* OR hysteroscop* OR salpingo* OR oophorectom* OR mammoplast* OR mammogra* OR mastectom* OR endometrial OR endometrium OR myometrial OR myometrium OR ovum OR ova OR labial OR labia OR labium OR vagina* OR cervix* OR cervices OR cervical)

for female children, include
girl OR girls

other terms to consider ORing in for searches focusing on adult women:
princess* OR queen* OR duchess*

native north americans

This search includes some terms not yet included in PubMed and two, as yet unrecognized phrases. The tribe names not yet included in PubMed may be included in the future and the automatic ANDing together of words in the two unrecognized phrases works -- so I've left the serch statement as is. Please comment if you know alternate or correct spellings for tribe names and/or additional north american tribe names.

((American[tiab] OR "north american"[tiab] OR canada*[tiab] OR "united states"[tiab] OR mexic*[tiab]) AND (Indian[tiab] OR Indians[tiab] OR aborigin* OR "first nation" OR "first nations" OR indigenous OR tribe OR tribes[tiab] OR tribal)) OR (ABENAKI[tiab] OR pima*[tiab] OR navajo*[tiab] OR inuit*[tiab] OR cherokee*[tiab] OR shawnee*[tiab] OR lakota[tiab] OR ((ute[tiab] OR utes[tiab] OR biloxi[tiab] OR blackfoot*[tiab] OR apache*[tiab] OR cheyenne[tiab] OR spokane[tiab] OR TUSCARORA[tiab] OR "warm springs"[tiab] OR tunica[tiab] OR dakota[tiab] OR sac[tiab] OR fox[tiab] OR creek*[tiab] OR deleware*[tiab] OR iowa*[tiab] OR miami*[tiab] OR mission*[tiab] OR sioux[tiab] OR omaha[tiab]) AND (Indian[tiab] OR Indians[tiab] OR aborigin* OR "first nation" OR "first nations" OR indigenous OR tribe OR tribes[tiab] OR tribal)) OR Coushatta[tiab] OR tlingit*[tiab] OR arapaho*[tiab] OR Assiniboine[tiab] OR BEOTHUK[tiab] OR blackfeet[tiab] OR blackfoot[tiab] OR cabazon*[tiab] OR CADDO*[tiab] OR CHICKASAW[tiab] OR CHIPPEWA[tiab] OR CHITIMACHA*[tiab] OR CHOCTAW*[tiab] OR COCOPAH*[tiab] OR "COEUR D'ALENE"[tiab] OR COMANCHE*[tiab] OR Muscogee*[tiab] OR duwamish[tiab] OR elwha*[tiab] OR flathead*[tiab] OR GOSHUTE*[tiab] OR HO-CHUNK*[tiab] OR hopi[tiab] OR hopis[tiab] OR hoopa*[tiab] OR S'KLALLAM[tiab] OR JATIBONICU[tiab] OR JUMANO*[tiab] OR kalapuya*[tiab] OR kiowa*[tiab] OR KOOTENAI*[tiab] OR lemhi*[tiab] OR shoshone*[tiab] OR makah*[tiab] OR pequot*[tiab] OR MECHOOPDA*[tiab] OR metis[tiab] OR menominee*[tiab] OR MICCOSUKEE*[tiab] OR mi'kmaq[tiab] OR mohegan*[tiab] OR MUSCOGEE*[tiab] OR navajo*[tiab] OR "nez perce"[tiab] OR "nez pierce"[tiab] OR oneida*[tiab] OR osage*[tiab] OR passamaquoddy[tiab] OR pawnee*[tiab] OR "pend d'oreille"[tiab] OR pomo[tiab] OR pomos[tiab] OR POTAWATOMI*[tiab] OR pueblo*[tiab] OR QUINAULT*[tiab] OR salish[tiab] OR saponi[tiab] OR saponis[tiab] OR SEMINOLE*[tiab] OR shawnee*[tiab] OR shoshone*[tiab] OR siletz[tiab] OR nakota[tiab] OR S'KLALLAM[tiab] OR suquamish[tiab] OR taino*[tiab] OR tohono[tiab] OR o'odham[tiab] OR tunica-biloxi[tiab] OR tunicas[tiab] OR umatilla*[tiab] OR umpqua*[tiab] OR waccamaw*[tiab] OR wampanoag*[tiab] OR washoe*[tiab] OR wiyot*[tiab] OR yakama*[tiab] OR (alaskan AND native*))

microenvironment or niche -- keywords, MeSH

This is the search strategy for the microenvironment/niche concept from a CLL microenvironment search. It will probably work best for bone-marrow-related microenvironments, but might work for other organs as well.

(("Stem Cell Niche"[Mesh] OR niche* OR microenvironment* OR stroma-mediated OR stromal-mediated OR "stroma derived" OR "stromal derived" OR "stroma-derived" OR "stromal derived" OR "stromal cells"[mesh] OR ((stroma* OR fibroblast* OR endothel* OR angiogen*) AND (cytokine* OR receptor OR receptors OR ligand OR ligands OR cross-talk* OR interact* OR modulat* OR protect*))))

neoplasms -- keyword

This search strategy if focused primarily on malignant neoplasms but includes some words for benign neoplams, especially benign brain neoplasms.

(cancer OR cancers OR cancerous OR carcinoma* OR adenocarcinoma* OR hepatocarcinoma* OR carcinosarcoma* OR sarcoma* OR histiocytoma* OR fibrosarcoma* OR osteosarcoma* OR chondrosarcoma* OR lymphosarcoma* OR rhabdomyosarcoma* OR leukemi* OR leukaemi* OR erythroleukem* OR erythroleukaem* OR lymphoma* OR melanoma* OR hodgkin* OR "multiple myeloma" OR mesothelioma* OR neoplasm* OR neoplastic OR neoplasia OR malignan* OR metastases OR metastasis OR metastatic OR carcinoid* OR neuroblastoma* OR "Mycosis Fungoides" OR "Sezary Syndrome" OR Retinoblastoma* OR pheochromocytoma* OR "wilm's tumor" OR "wilm's tumors" OR nephroblastoma* OR choriocarcinoma* OR "Pleuropulmonary Blastoma" OR "Pleuropulmonary Blastomas" OR glioblastoma* OR glioma* OR astrocytoma* OR ependymoma* OR medulloblastoma* OR meningioma* OR craniopharyngioma* OR myelodysplastic OR myeloproliferative OR macroglobulinemi* OR macroglobulinaemi* OR pineoblastoma* OR "neuroectodermal tumor" OR "neuroectodermal tumors" OR "neuroectodermal tumour" OR "neuroectodermal tumours" OR "ewing's tumor" OR "ewing's tumors" OR "ewing's tumour" OR "ewing's tumours" OR thymoma* OR tumor OR tumors OR tumorous OR tumour* OR oncol*)

For EMBASE:
(cancer OR cancers OR cancerous OR carcinoma* OR adenocarcinoma* OR hepatocarcinoma* OR carcinosarcoma* OR sarcoma* OR histiocytoma* OR fibrosarcoma* OR osteosarcoma* OR chondrosarcoma* OR lymphosarcoma* OR rhabdomyosarcoma* OR leukemi* OR leukaemi* OR erythroleukem* OR erythroleukaem* OR lymphoma* OR melanoma* OR hodgkin* OR "multiple myeloma" OR mesothelioma* OR neoplasm* OR neoplastic OR neoplasia OR malignan* OR metastases OR metastasis OR metastatic OR carcinoid* OR neuroblastoma* OR "Mycosis Fungoides" OR "Sezary Syndrome" OR Retinoblastoma* OR pheochromocytoma* OR (wilm* NEXT/1 (tumor* OR tumour*)) OR nephroblastoma* OR choriocarcinoma* OR "Pleuropulmonary Blastoma" OR "Pleuropulmonary Blastomas" OR glioblastoma* OR glioma* OR astrocytoma* OR ependymoma* OR medulloblastoma* OR meningioma* OR craniopharyngioma* OR myelodysplastic OR myeloproliferative OR macroglobulinemi* OR macroglobulinaemi* OR pineoblastoma* OR "neuroectodermal tumor" OR "neuroectodermal tumors" OR "neuroectodermal tumour" OR "neuroectodermal tumours" OR (ewing* NEXT/1 (tumor* OR tumour*)) OR thymoma* OR tumor OR tumors OR tumorous OR tumour* OR oncol*)

exposure during pregnancy or breastfeeding -- keywords

(breastfeeding OR breast-feeding OR "breast feeding" OR "breast feeds" OR "breastfeeds" OR breast-feeds OR "breast fed" OR breastfed OR breast-fed OR "human milk" OR "expressed milk" OR "breast milk" OR lactation OR lactating OR congenital OR prenatal OR "in utero" OR fetal OR fetalis OR fetus OR fetuses OR embryo OR embryos OR embryonic OR embryotoxic* OR embryonal OR pregnancy OR pregnancies OR pregnant OR gravid OR primigravida OR gravidarum OR gestat* OR trimester* OR prepartum OR intrapartum OR postpartum OR antepartum OR peripartum OR ante-partum OR peri-partum OR pre-partum OR intra-partum OR post-partum OR Full-term OR fullterm OR "full term" OR "premature delivery" OR "premature birth" OR "premature births" OR "low birth weight" OR eclampsia OR pre-eclampsi* OR preeclampsi* OR obstetric*[tiab] OR abortion* OR miscarriage* OR birth OR births OR abruptio* OR placent* OR macrosom* OR meconi* OR dystoci* OR trisom* OR monosom* OR malform* OR chromosom* OR deform* OR genotox* OR teratogen* OR mutagen*)

exposure during pregnancy or during breastfeeding -- MeSH, keyword

("Congenital Abnormalities"[Mesh] OR "abnormalities "[Subheading] OR "congenital"[sh] OR "Maternal Exposure"[Mesh] OR "Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects"[Mesh] OR "pregnancy"[mesh] OR "pregnancy complications"[mesh] OR "fetus"[mesh] OR "breast feeding"[mesh] OR "Milk, human"[mesh] OR "lactation"[mesh] OR "Delivery, Obstetric"[Mesh] OR "Birth Injuries"[Mesh] OR "Fetal Viability"[mesh] OR "Fetal Weight"[mesh] OR "Gestational Age"[Mesh] OR "Labor Presentation"[mesh] OR "Postpartum Period"[mesh] OR "Pregnancy, Multiple"[mesh] OR "Pregnancy Trimesters"[mesh] OR "Fetal Viability"[mesh] OR "Fetal Weight"[mesh] OR "Gestational Age"[Mesh] OR "Labor Presentation"[mesh] OR "Postpartum Period"[mesh] OR "Pregnancy, Multiple"[mesh] OR "Pregnancy Trimesters"[mesh] OR "Perinatal Mortality"[mesh] OR "Infant, Low Birth Weight"[mesh] OR "Maternal-Fetal Relations"[mesh] OR "Teratogens"[mesh] OR "Teratogens"[Pharmacological Action] OR "Embryonic Structures"[mesh] OR "Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome"[mesh] OR "Abnormalities, Drug-Induced"[mesh] OR "Embryonic and Fetal Development" OR "Mutagens"[mesh])

(congenital* OR maternal* OR prenatal* OR pre-natal* OR perinatal* OR peri-natal* OR pregnan* OR gravid* OR trimester* OR gestation* OR prepartum OR peripartum OR pre-partum OR peri-partum OR  fetus OR fetal OR embryo* OR teratogen* OR "before birth" OR "in utero" OR "breast feeding" OR "breast feed" OR "breast fed" OR breast-feed* OR breast-fed OR breastfeed* OR breastfed* OR "breast milk" OR "human milk" OR lactating )

consider:
nutrigenomic